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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (35):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

Two houses- two separate law making chambers

1

What is a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives?

Republic

2

What was America's first constitution?

Articles of Confederation

3

When was the Articles of Confederation adopted? (Month and Year)

November, 1777

4

How many votes did each state get in congress under the AoC?

One

5

Why was the Articles of Confederation unsuccessful?

The government it provided wasn't strong enough to handle all of the problems of the country

6

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

Northwest Ordinance

7

The Northwest Ordinance was a ____ of _____ for the new settlers.

Bill of Rights

8

The Northwest Ordinance was a first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

9

What is the name of the state in northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th state in America?

The State of Franklin

10

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 and was the 16th US state

11

What is a depression?

Slow economic activity and high unemployment.

12

What was Shays' Rebellion?

An uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the governments taxes on poor farmers.

13

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

The Virginia Plan and The New Jersey Plan

14

What combined the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan and established the model for Congress that is still used today?

The Great Compromise

15

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

It allowed Southern States to count slaves as 3/5 of one free person for representation

16

Where would the Southern States gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

In The House of Representatives

17

What was a Federalist?

They were people that supported the constitution

18

What was a book of essays that supported the constitution?

The Federalists Papers

19

What in an Amendment?

Changes to the Constitution

20

What became a standard for passing a law in Congress? ___ out of ____ states

9 out of 13 states approved the Constitution

21

What is the supreme law of the land?

The Constitution

22

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

The Father of the Constitution

23

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person have natural rights?

John Locke

24

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level governments?

The Federal System

25

What is the final authority in a Federal System?

The Constitution

26

What are the three Branches of government sated in the Constitution?

The Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches

27

Which Branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

The Legislative Branch

28

Which Branch carries out the laws?

Executive Branch

29

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not?

A President

30

What power does the President have to check Congress?

The Veto power

31

Who elects the President of the USA?

The Electoral College

32

Which Branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

The Judicial Branch

33

What is the most distinctive feature of our government?

The separation of powers

34

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

So that one Branch doesn't gain too much power