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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (33):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

2 houses

1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

Republic

2

What was Americas first constitution.

The articles of confederation.

3

When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

November 1777

4

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One

5

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

The government wasn't strong enough to handle the problems of the country.

6

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

The bill of rights.

7

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

8

What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14
the
state in America?

State of franklin

9

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 16th state.

10

What is a depression?

Slow economic activity and high unemployment.

11

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

A uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the govts taxes on poor farmers.

12

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

Virginia and New Jersey plans

13

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

Great compromise

14

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

Allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of one free person for for representatives

15

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

In the House of Representatives

16

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

Federalist papers

17

What is an amendment?

Changes to the constitution

18

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

9 out of 13

19

What is the supreme law of the land?

Constitution

20

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

Constitution

21

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John lock

22

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

Federal system

23

What is the final authority in a federal system?

Constitution

24

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative,judicial,executive

25

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

Legislative

26

Which branch carries out the laws?

Executive

27

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

President

28

What power does the President have to check Congress?

Veto power

29

Who elects the President of the United States?

Electoral college

30

Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

Judicial

31

What is the most distinctive feature of our gov’t?

Separation of powers

32

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

Keeps branch from gaining to much power