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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (66):
0

What is the purpose of the Executive Branch?

To execute the law

1

Who is the head of the Executive Department?

The President

2

What are the 8 roles/responsibilities of the President?

1. Chief of State
2. Chief Executive
3. Chief Administrator
4. Chief Diplomat
5. Commander in Chief
6. Chief Legislator
7. Chief of Party
8. Chief Citizen

3

What does being the Chief of State mean?

Ceremonial head of the country

4

Being the Chief Executive means what?

The President makes sure all laws are executed

5

What does it mean to be the Chief Admin.?

President is the head of the government's civilian employees (ITS, Post Office, Customs Workers, etc.)

6

Being the Chief Diplomat means what?

President is the architect of American Foreign Policy

7

What does being the Chief Legislator mean?

The President sets the overall congressional agenda

8

What does it mean to be the Commander in Chief?

The president is in charge of ALL of the military

9

What does it mean to be the Chief of Party?

The president is the head of his political party

10

What does being the Chief Citizen mean?

The president represents ALL the people

11

What happens if the president does in office?

The VP takes over. (1947 Presidential Act)

12

What happens if the VP dies in office after the president?

The Speaker of the House takes the presidential role. (Then the President Pro Tempore, Sec. State... Goes through all members of the cabinet.)

13

What are the qualifications for president?

1. 35 years old
2. National Born American Citizen
3. Lived 14 years in the US

14

How long is a Presidential term?

4 years

15

Who is the only person to be elected 4 times?

FDR

16

What did the 22nd amendment do regarding the presidential terms?

Limits the president to 2 terms OR a total of 10 years

17

How can the president have served 10 years?

If he was VP, and the president died in office- he finished the presidential term and then ran for office himself.

18

What are the benefits of being president?

1. $400,000 per year
2. White House (living quarters, no bills, etc.)
3. Air Force 1, Marine 1, etc. (private transportation)
4. Camp David
5. Expense Account

19

What are the Vice President's responsibilities?

1. Presides in the Senate
2. Votes if there is a tie in the Senate
3. Becomes President if the current one dies
4. Helps decide on matters concerning presidential disability

20

How is the president elected?

1. Primary Elections
2. National Convention
3. General Election
4. Electoral College

21

What happens in the Primary Elections?

Delegates are chosen for the national convention

22

What happens at the national convention?

The presidential candidate is chosen

23

What happens in the General Election?

The electors are chosen

24

What happens in the Electoral College?

The President/VP are chosen

25

What does the 12th amendment say, regarding the Electoral College?

Electors vote for each separately

26

What determines the number of electors in the states?

The number of state senators (TN- 11)

27

What must you have in order to win the Presidential Candidate?

Majority vote

28

What happens if no one gets the majority vote?

1. President is chosen by the House
2. VP is chosen by the Senate

29

What are the President's executive powers?

1. Execute Laws
2. Ordinance Power
3. Appointing Power
4. Removal Power

30

The powers to execute laws means what?

The president MUST enforce the laws passed by Congress

31

What is the Ordinance Power?

It's an executive order

32

What does the Ordinance Power have in regards to the laws?

It is a directive rule/regulation having the effect of a law

33

What does having Appointing Power mean?

The president can appoint people, but he MUST have senate approval

34

What can the president do with Removal Power?

Fire anyone at anytime

35

What can the president NOT do with Removal Powers?

Fire federal judges

36

What are the president's Diplomatic Powers?

1. Make Treaties
2. Executive Agreements
3. Power of Recognition

37

Treaties must be approved by whom?

The senate

38

What is an executive agreement?

Pact between the president and a foreign leader

39

Do executive agreements need senatorial approval?

No

40

What does the Power of Recognition mean?

The president acknowledges the legal existence of a legal country, and its government.

41

What gives the president the ability to mobilize troops for 60 days before having senatorial approval?

War Powers Resolution Act of 1973

42

What role does the president serve in the military?

He's the commander in chief

43

What revolves around the White House?

Social Life

44

What rewards does the president give to his followers?

Inviting them to social events

45

How does the presidente get back at people who oppose him?

Don't invite them to social events

46

What are the president's legislative powers?

1. Power to recommend legislation
2. Veto Power
3. Special session of congress

47

What does the "power to recommend legislation" include?

1. State of the Union Address
2. Federal budget

48

What 4 things can be done under the Veto Powers?

1. Sign
2. Veto
3. Nothing (10 days)
4. Pocket Veto

49

What happens in the 10 days of nothing if the president has a bill?

If he does nothing while congress IS still in session, it becomes law

50

What happens with a pocket veto?

If the president does nothing, and congress is NOT in session, the bill dies.

51

What happens with a special session of congress?

The president can call congress into session, but only for one, single issue.

52

What are the president's judicial powers?

1. Reprieve
2. Pardon
3. Commutation
4. Amnesty

53

What is Reprieve?

Postponement of the execution of a sentence.

54

What is a pardon?

The legal forgiveness of a crime

55

What is commutation?

The reduction of a sentence/fine imposed by the courts

56

What is amnesty?

A general pardon offered to a group of law breakers

57

What is the Executive Office of the President?

1. White House Office
2. National Security Council
3. Office of Management/Budget
4. Council of Economic Advisors
5. Office of National Drug Control Policy
6. Cabinet

58

What is under the White House office?

1. Oval Office
2. Chief Executives
3. Speech Writers
4. Office/Personal staff

59

What is the National Security Council?

Advisors on Foreign Affairs/National Security (CIA, FBI, Military, etc.)

60

What is the Office of Management/Budget?

Helping prepare the national budget

61

What is the Council of Economic Advisors?

Advisors of economics

62

What is the Office of Drug Control Policy?

A program started during the Reagan years to help stop domestic and imported drugs/drug abuse

63

What is the Cabinet?

Department heads, appointed by the president (and can be fired by the president at anytime)

64

What are two examples of cabinet members?

1. Sec. Treasury
2. Sec. Defense

65

Cabinet members are political appointees, but not necessarily what?

Experts in their respective jobs.