Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (66):
What is the purpose of the Executive Branch?
To execute the law
Who is the head of the Executive Department?
What are the 8 roles/responsibilities of the President?
1. Chief of State
2. Chief Executive
3. Chief Administrator
4. Chief Diplomat
5. Commander in Chief
6. Chief Legislator
7. Chief of Party
8. Chief Citizen
What does being the Chief of State mean?
Ceremonial head of the country
Being the Chief Executive means what?
The President makes sure all laws are executed
What does it mean to be the Chief Admin.?
President is the head of the government's civilian employees (ITS, Post Office, Customs Workers, etc.)
Being the Chief Diplomat means what?
President is the architect of American Foreign Policy
What does being the Chief Legislator mean?
The President sets the overall congressional agenda
What does it mean to be the Commander in Chief?
The president is in charge of ALL of the military
What does it mean to be the Chief of Party?
The president is the head of his political party
What does being the Chief Citizen mean?
The president represents ALL the people
What happens if the president does in office?
The VP takes over. (1947 Presidential Act)
What happens if the VP dies in office after the president?
The Speaker of the House takes the presidential role. (Then the President Pro Tempore, Sec. State... Goes through all members of the cabinet.)
What are the qualifications for president?
1. 35 years old
2. National Born American Citizen
3. Lived 14 years in the US
How long is a Presidential term?
Who is the only person to be elected 4 times?
What did the 22nd amendment do regarding the presidential terms?
Limits the president to 2 terms OR a total of 10 years
How can the president have served 10 years?
If he was VP, and the president died in office- he finished the presidential term and then ran for office himself.
What are the benefits of being president?
1. $400,000 per year
2. White House (living quarters, no bills, etc.)
3. Air Force 1, Marine 1, etc. (private transportation)
4. Camp David
5. Expense Account
What are the Vice President's responsibilities?
1. Presides in the Senate
2. Votes if there is a tie in the Senate
3. Becomes President if the current one dies
4. Helps decide on matters concerning presidential disability
How is the president elected?
1. Primary Elections
2. National Convention
3. General Election
4. Electoral College
What happens in the Primary Elections?
Delegates are chosen for the national convention
What happens at the national convention?
The presidential candidate is chosen
What happens in the General Election?
The electors are chosen
What happens in the Electoral College?
The President/VP are chosen
What does the 12th amendment say, regarding the Electoral College?
Electors vote for each separately
What determines the number of electors in the states?
The number of state senators (TN- 11)
What must you have in order to win the Presidential Candidate?
What happens if no one gets the majority vote?
1. President is chosen by the House
2. VP is chosen by the Senate
What are the President's executive powers?
1. Execute Laws
2. Ordinance Power
3. Appointing Power
4. Removal Power
The powers to execute laws means what?
The president MUST enforce the laws passed by Congress
What is the Ordinance Power?
It's an executive order
What does the Ordinance Power have in regards to the laws?
It is a directive rule/regulation having the effect of a law
What does having Appointing Power mean?
The president can appoint people, but he MUST have senate approval
What can the president do with Removal Power?
Fire anyone at anytime
What can the president NOT do with Removal Powers?
Fire federal judges
What are the president's Diplomatic Powers?
1. Make Treaties
2. Executive Agreements
3. Power of Recognition
Treaties must be approved by whom?
What is an executive agreement?
Pact between the president and a foreign leader
Do executive agreements need senatorial approval?
What does the Power of Recognition mean?
The president acknowledges the legal existence of a legal country, and its government.
What gives the president the ability to mobilize troops for 60 days before having senatorial approval?
War Powers Resolution Act of 1973
What role does the president serve in the military?
He's the commander in chief
What revolves around the White House?
What rewards does the president give to his followers?
Inviting them to social events
How does the presidente get back at people who oppose him?
Don't invite them to social events
What are the president's legislative powers?
1. Power to recommend legislation
2. Veto Power
3. Special session of congress
What does the "power to recommend legislation" include?
1. State of the Union Address
2. Federal budget
What 4 things can be done under the Veto Powers?
3. Nothing (10 days)
4. Pocket Veto
What happens in the 10 days of nothing if the president has a bill?
If he does nothing while congress IS still in session, it becomes law
What happens with a pocket veto?
If the president does nothing, and congress is NOT in session, the bill dies.
What happens with a special session of congress?
The president can call congress into session, but only for one, single issue.
What are the president's judicial powers?
What is Reprieve?
Postponement of the execution of a sentence.
What is a pardon?
The legal forgiveness of a crime
What is commutation?
The reduction of a sentence/fine imposed by the courts
What is amnesty?
A general pardon offered to a group of law breakers
What is the Executive Office of the President?
1. White House Office
2. National Security Council
3. Office of Management/Budget
4. Council of Economic Advisors
5. Office of National Drug Control Policy
What is under the White House office?
1. Oval Office
2. Chief Executives
3. Speech Writers
4. Office/Personal staff
What is the National Security Council?
Advisors on Foreign Affairs/National Security (CIA, FBI, Military, etc.)
What is the Office of Management/Budget?
Helping prepare the national budget
What is the Council of Economic Advisors?
Advisors of economics
What is the Office of Drug Control Policy?
A program started during the Reagan years to help stop domestic and imported drugs/drug abuse
What is the Cabinet?
Department heads, appointed by the president (and can be fired by the president at anytime)
What are two examples of cabinet members?
1. Sec. Treasury
2. Sec. Defense