Chapter 7✏️ Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7✏️ Deck (35):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

Two houses

1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

A Republic

2

What was America’s 1st constitution?

The Articles of Confederation

3

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One

4

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

They had no way of revenue, they couldn't raise taxes because there wasn't any,also they couldn't pass laws until nine of the thirteen states approved

5

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

The Northwest Ordinance

6

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

Territory of lands

7

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

8

What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th
state in America?

State of Franklin

9

What is a depression?

Slow economic activity and high unemployment

10

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 and 16th

11

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

The Virginia plan and the New Jersey plan

12

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

An uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the government's taxes on poor farmers

13

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

The Great Compromise

14

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

Allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of every free person for number of representatives

15

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

They had so many slaves that they had more people than the other states

16

What power does the President have to check Congress?

The Veto Power

17

What was a Federalist?

People who supported the Constitution

19

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

A federal system

20

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

The Federalist Papers

21

What is the supreme law of the land?

The Constitution

22

What is an amendment?

Changes to the constitution

23

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

9 out of 13

24

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

The Constitution

24

What is the final authority in a federal system?

The Constitution

25

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John Locke

26

Who elects the President of the United States?

The Electoral College

28

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative, executive, and judicial

28

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

A president

29

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

Legislative

30

Which branch carries out the laws?

Executive

31

Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

Judicial

32

When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

November 1777

33

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

So one branch won't have more power than another

34

What is the most distinctive feature of our gov’t?

The separation of power