Flashcards in Chapter 7✏️ Deck (35):
What is a bicameral legislature?
What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?
What was America’s 1st constitution?
The Articles of Confederation
How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?
Why was the AoC unsuccessful?
They had no way of revenue, they couldn't raise taxes because there wasn't any,also they couldn't pass laws until nine of the thirteen states approved
What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?
The Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.
Territory of lands
The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?
What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th
state in America?
State of Franklin
What is a depression?
Slow economic activity and high unemployment
What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?
1796 and 16th
What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?
The Virginia plan and the New Jersey plan
What was Shays’ Rebellion?
An uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the government's taxes on poor farmers
What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?
The Great Compromise
What is the Three Fifths Compromise?
Allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of every free person for number of representatives
Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?
They had so many slaves that they had more people than the other states
What power does the President have to check Congress?
The Veto Power
What was a Federalist?
People who supported the Constitution
What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?
A federal system
What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?
The Federalist Papers
What is the supreme law of the land?
What is an amendment?
Changes to the constitution
What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States
9 out of 13
What was James Madison considered to be the father of?
What is the final authority in a federal system?
Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?
Who elects the President of the United States?
The Electoral College
What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?
Legislative, executive, and judicial
What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)
Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?
Which branch carries out the laws?
Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?
When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?
Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?
So one branch won't have more power than another