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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (34):
0

What is a bicameral legislature?

Two houses

1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

Republic

2

What was America’s 1st constitution?

The Articles of Confederation

3

When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

November 1777

4

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One

5

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

The government it provided was not strong enough to handle all of the problems of the country

6

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

Northwest Ordinance

7

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

Bill of rights

8

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

9

What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th state in America?

State of Franklin

10

What is a depression?

Slow economic activity and high unemployment

11

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

An uprising by Massachusetts farmers to fight the gov'ts taxes on poor farmers

12

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

Virginia plan and New Jersey plan

13

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

The Great Compromise

14

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

It allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of one free person for representation

15

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

House of Representatives

16

What was a Federalist?

People that supported the constitution

17

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

The Federalist Papers

18

What is an amendment?

Changes to a Constitution

19

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

9 out of 13

20

What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

21

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

The father of the constitution

22

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John Locke

23

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

Federal System

24

What is the final authority in a federal system?

The Constitution

25

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial

26

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

Legislative Branch

27

Which branch carries out the laws?

Executive Branch

28

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

The President

29

What power does the President have to check Congress?

The veto power

30

Who elects the President of the United States?

The Electorial college

31

Which branch interprets laws and makes decisions based on the Constitution?

Judicial Branch

32

What is the most distinctive feature of our gov’t?

The Separation of Powers

33

Why did the Constitution provide a system of Checks and Balances?

It keeps one branch from having to much power