Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (30):
What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?
What was America’s 1st constitution?
The Articles of Confederation
When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?
How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?
What is a bicameral legislature?
Why was the AoC unsuccessful?
It was not strong enough to handle the problems of the country
What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?
The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.
Bill of Rights
The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?
What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th state in America?
State of Franklin
What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?
1796 and 16th
What is a depression?
Slow economic activity and high unemployment
What was Shays’ Rebellion?
An uprising by Massachusetts
What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?
Virgina Plan and the New Jersey Plan
What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?
Three Fifths Compromise
What is the Three Fifths Compromise?
Allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of one free person for representitives
Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?
House of representitives
What was a Federalist?
People who supported the Constitution
What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?
The Federalist Papers
What is an amendment?
Changes to the Constitution
What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States
Supreme law of the land
What is the supreme law of the land?
What was James Madison considered to be the father of?
Father of the Constituition
Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?
What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?
What is the final authority in a federal system?
What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?
Legislative, Executive, Judicial Branch
Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?
Which branch carries out the laws?