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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (30):
1

What is a gov’t in which citizen rule through elected representatives?

Republic

2

What was America’s 1st constitution?

The Articles of Confederation

3

When was that constitution adopted (Month and Year)?

November 1776

4

How many votes did each state get in Congress under the AoC?

One vote

5

What is a bicameral legislature?

2 houses

6

Why was the AoC unsuccessful?

It was not strong enough to handle the problems of the country

7

What created one territory out of the lands north of the Ohio River and East of the Mississippi River?

NorthWest Ordinance

8

The Northwest Ordinance was a _______ of ________ for the new settlers.

Bill of Rights

9

The Northwest Ordinance was the first attempt to stop the spread of what?

Slavery

10

What is the name of the state in modern Northeast Tennessee that tried to become the 14th state in America?

State of Franklin

11

What year did Tennessee become a state and what number state was it?

1796 and 16th

12

What is a depression?

Slow economic activity and high unemployment

13

What was Shays’ Rebellion?

An uprising by Massachusetts

14

What were the two plans presented at the Constitutional Convention?

Virgina Plan and the New Jersey Plan

15

What combined those two plans and established the model for Congress that is used to this day?

Three Fifths Compromise

16

What is the Three Fifths Compromise?

Allowed southern states to count slaves as 3/5 of one free person for representitives

17

Where would the southern states gain more delegates due to the Three Fifths Compromise?

House of representitives

18

What was a Federalist?

People who supported the Constitution

19

What was a book of essays that supported the Constitution?

The Federalist Papers

20

What is an amendment?

Changes to the Constitution

21

What became the standard for passing a law in Congress? ____ out of _____ States

Supreme law of the land

22

What is the supreme law of the land?

The constitution

23

What was James Madison considered to be the father of?

Father of the Constituition

24

Who was an influential writer from the Enlightenment who believed every person had natural rights?

John Locke

25

What type of system states that power should be shared between the national and state level gov’ts?

Federal System

26

What is the final authority in a federal system?

The Constitution

27

What are the 3 branches of gov’t as stated in the Constitution?

Legislative, Executive, Judicial Branch

28

Which branch makes laws and consists of Congress?

Legislative Branch

29

Which branch carries out the laws?

Executive Branch

30

What did the Constitution have the AoC did not have? (Hint: Chief Executive)

The Pesident