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Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (17):
1

islamic fundamentalism

movement of the shiitee and sunni muslim traditions attempting to create religious based societies and state

2

salinization

accumulation of salt in the upper layer of soil causing a reduction in crop yield (water with a high salt concentration)

3

qanat system

system of gravity fed irrigation that uses tunnels to capture ground water*****

4

chokepoint

strategic setting. area of security, control, safety

5

pastoral nomadism

desert dwellers. have no homes and depend on their livestock. goat and sheeps

6

monotheism

believing in one god****

7

quran

holy text of islam*******

8

arab leauge

regional, political, and economic organization focused on arab unity and development

9

culture hearth

area of cultural origination. where a culture starts.

10

hydropolitics

water resources issues and poiltics***

11

fertile crescent

5000 years old. located in western asia. cratle of civilization

12

islamism

political movement of the religion of islam,

13

shiites

muslims who practice one of the two main branches of islam.****

14

sunnis

muslims who practice the dominant branch of islam***

15

arab spring

series of protests and demonstrations , a young generation uprising

16

secterian violence

conflicts that divide people along ethnic, religious, and secretarian lines*****

17

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1. judaism
2.christian
3.islan