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Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (22)
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1

A disorder that interferes with the acquisition and use of one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in the development of academic skills is called?

a specific learning disorder

2

Individuals with a specific learning disorder tend to?

are more likely to suffer from mental health issues, are less likely to be employed, have lower levels of literacy

3

Classical conditioning in prenatal babies?

does occur because babies are exposed to taste and sound before they are born

4

What kinds of learning can happen before we are born?

habituation and sensitization, associative and non-associative

5

What kind of learning benefits from focused attention?

episodic, associative, semantic

6

Which of the following factors does NOT affect learning?

consent (awareness timing and attention do)

7

What is implicit learning?

The acquisition of information without awareness.

8

What is insight learning?

An “ah-ha” or “eureka” moment,A sudden realization of a solution to a problem or leap in understanding new concepts.

9

We can culturally transmit learned behaviours across generations. What type of learning is this?

observational learning

10

What is vicarious learning?

Learning that occurs when an individual observes the consequences to another’s actions and then chooses to duplicate the behaviour or refrain from doing so.

11

Work breaks occur at 60, 72, or 54 minutes. What type of reinforcement schedule is this?

variable interval

12

When you have a headache, you take a pain reliever. The pain reliever takes away your headache, thereby increasing the chances that next time you have a headache you will take a pain reliever. What type of reinforcement is this?

negative

13

According to Rogers, what happens if children fail to regularly receive unconditional positive regard?

It acts as a negative force that prevents a person from reaching his full potential.

14

Humanistic theorists include?

rogers

15

What is sensitization?

Involves an increase, as opposed to a decrease, in response with learning.

A form of non-associative learning that involves an altered response following the presentation of a single sensory cue.

An enhanced response to this typical stimulus.

16

What is learning?

A lasting change caused by experience.

17

what is Shaping?

Introducing new behaviour by reinforcing small approximations of the desired behaviour.

18

what is Vicarious learning?

Learning that occurs when an individual observes the consequences to another’s actions and then chooses to duplicate the behaviour or refrain from doing so.

19

what is Mathematics disorder?

A deficit in mathematical ability, including the ability to do calculations, as well as the ability to understand mathematical word problems and mathematical concepts.

20

what is Latent learning?

A form of learning that is not expressed until there is a reward or incentive.

21

what is Dishabituation?

A form of non-associative learning whereby there is a recovery of attention to a novel stimulus following habitation.

22

what is Behaviourism?

A branch of psychological thought arguing that psychology should study only directly observable behaviours rather than abstract mental processes.