Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (60):
1

Senescence

The natural physical decline brought about by agbig

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Osteoporosis

Exercise helps reduce osteoporosis, the thinning of the bones in later life

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Secondary ageing

Physical decline brought about by environmental factors or behavioural choices

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Body mass index

Weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. A body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9 it’s considered normal, 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, and 30 or higher is considered obese.

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Stress

The physical and emotional response to events that threaten or challenge us

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Psychoneuroimmunology

The study of the relationship between the brain and the immune system and psychological factors

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Primary appraisal

Assessment of an event to Termine whether it’s implications are positive negative or neutral

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Secondary appraisal

The assessment of whether one is coping abilities and resources are adequate to overcome the harm threat or challenge posed by the potential stressor

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Psycho somatic disorders

Medical problems caused by the interaction of psychological emotional and physical difficulties

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Coping

The effort to control reduce or learn to tolerate the threats that lead to stress

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Problem focussed coping

Man you doing at threatening situation by directly changing it to make it less stressful. For example a man having difficulties on the job might ask his boss to change his responsibilities or he might look for another job

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Emotion focussed coping

The conscious regulation of emotion. For instance a mother having trouble finding appropriate care for her child while she is at work might tell herself that she should look at the bright side at least she has a job in a difficult economy

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Defence of coping

Coping that walls and concrete strategies that distort or denied the true nature of her situation

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Hardiness

A personality characteristic associated with a lower rate of stress related illness

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At the age of_____, illness and disease overtake accidents as the leading cause of death

35

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Post formal thought

Thinking that acknowledges that adult predicaments sometimes must be solved in relativistic terms

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Schaies stages of development

Acquisitive stage of cheating stage executive stage responsible stage re-integrate of stage

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Childhood and adolescence: 1st stage of adult development

Acquisitive stage: the first stage of cognitive development, encompassing all of children and adolescents, in which the main developmental task is to acquire information

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Young adulthood

Thieving stage: Lapointe reached by on adults in which intelligence is applied to specific situations involving the attainment of long-term goals regarding careers family and societal contributions

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Middle adult hood

Executive stage: the period in middle adult hood when people take a broader perspective than earlier including concerns about the world

Responsible stage: the stage were the major concerns of middle-aged adults to relate to their personal situations including protecting and nourishing they’re supposed is families and careers

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Late adulthood

Re-integrative stage: The period of late adulthood during which the focus is on tasks that have personal meaning

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Who created the Triarchic theory of intelligence

Robert Sternberg

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Robert Sternberg suggested that intelligence is made up of three major components

Confidential/analytic, experimental/creative, contextual/practical

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Componential

The confidential aspect involves the mental component used to solve problems for example selecting and using formulas choosing problem solving solving strategies that in general making use of what has been learned in the past

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Experiential

The experiential component refers to the relationship between intelligence prior experience and the ability to cope with new situations. This is the insightful aspect of intelligence which allows people to relate what they already know to a new situation and fax never before encountered

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Contextual

The contextual component of intelligence takes account of the demands of every day Real world environments. For instants the contextual component is involved in adapting to on the job professional demands

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Practical intelligence

According to Sternberg intelligence that is learned primarily by observing others and modeling their behavior

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Emotional intelligence

The set of skills that underlie the accurate assessment a valuation expression and regulation of emotions

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First year adjustment reaction

A cluster of psychological symptoms including loneliness anxiety with drawl and depression suffered by first-year students

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Harmful sexism

Physically harmful to women

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Benevolent sexism

Women placed in Stereotyped and restrictive rules that appear on the surface to be positive

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Stereotype threat

Obstacles to performance that come from awareness of the stereotypes held by society and academic abilities

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Academic disidentification

A lack of personal identification with an academic domain. For women, this identification is specific to math and science: for some minority groups it is more generalized across academic domains

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Social clock

The culturally determined psychological time he’s providing a sense of whether we have reached the major benchmarks of life at the appropriate time in comparison to her peers.

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Intimacy versus isolation stage

According to Erick Erickson, the period from post adolescence into the early early 30s that focusses on developing close relationships with others

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Stimulus value role theory

Created by psychologist Bernard Murstein. The theory that relationships receipt in a fixed order of three stages: stimulus, value, and role

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Stimulus value and roll stage

Stimulus stage: the stimulus stage is the first stage in which relationships are built on surface physical characteristics such as the way a person looks usually this represents just the initial encounter

Value stage: usually occurs between the second and the seventh encounter in the value stage the relationship is characterized by increasing similarity of values and believes.


Roll stage: the relationship is built on specific rules played by the participants. For instants, a couple made to find them selves as boyfriend girlfriend or husband

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Passionate [romantic] love

Estate of powerful absorption in someone

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Companionate love

The strong affection of those with whom our lives are deeply involved

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Labelling theory of passionate love

The theory that individuals experience romantic Loveland to events occur together: intense psychological arousal and situational you suggesting that the arousal is due to love

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Intimacy component

The component of love that encompasses feelings of closeness affection and connectedness

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Passion component

The component of love that comprises the motivational drives relating to sex physical closeness and romance

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Decision/commitment component

The third aspect of love that embodies both the initial cognition and the one loves another person and the longer-term determination to maintain that love

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The three faces of love according to Sternberg’s triangular theory

Intimacy component passion component and decision/commitment component

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Homogamy

The tendency to marry someone who is similar in age race education religion and other basic demographic characteristics

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Marriage gradient

The tendency for men to marry women who are slightly younger smaller and lower and status and women to marry men who are slightly older larger and higher in status

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Securely attached infants

Have healthy positive trusting relationships with their caregivers

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Avoidant infants

Relatively in different to caregivers and avoid interactions with them

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Ambivalent infants

Show great distress one separated from the caregiver but appear angry upon The caregivers return

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Cohabitation

Couples living together without being married

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Career consolidation

Stage has entered between the ages of 20 and 40 when young adults become standard on their careers

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Fantasy period

Cording to Ginsberg the period lasting until about age 11 one career choices are made and discarded without regard to skills and abilities or available job opportunities

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Tentative period

The second stage of Ginsberg three which spans adolescent when people begin to think in pragmatic terms about the requirements of various jobs and have their own abilities might fit with those jobs

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Realistic period

The third stage of Ginsberg’s theory which occurs in early adult hood when people begin to explore specific career options either through actual experience on the job or three training for profession in the narrow their choices and make a commitment

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Holland’s personality type theory

According to John Holland certain personality types match particularly well certain careers. According to Holland at six. Personality types are important in career choice. Realistic, intellectual, social, conventional, enterprising, artistic.

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Communal professions

Occupations that are associated with relationships

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Agentic professions

Occupations that are associated with getting things accomplished

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Extrinsic motivation

Motivation that drives people to obtain tangible rewards such as money and prestige

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Intrinsic motivation

Motivation that causes people to work for their own enjoyment not for the rewards work might bring

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Status

The valuation of a roll or person by other relevant members of a group or society