Chapter 7 Abdomen power point Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Abdomen power point Deck (48):
1

4 quadrants
RUQ, RLQ, LUQ, LLQ

abdominal cavity

2

divides stomach
closed system in men, open system in women

peritoneum

3

lines abdominal wall

parietal peritoneum

4

lines organs
serous fluid in between so organs can move

visceral peritoneum

5

folds between organs
cushions organs
encloses intestine and attaches it to abdominal wall
cant see on MRI unless infected

mesentery

6

drapes over stomach to attach to spleen and transverse colon
double layer of mesentery

greater omentum

7

attached to stomach
double layer of mesentery

lesser omentum

8

results from folds of peritoneum
supracolic compartment (above)
infracolic compartment (below)

peritoneal space

9

behind peritoneum
has ureters, kidneys, pancreas, IVC, aorta, bladder

retroperitoneum

10

receive arterial and venous blood
mostly in RUQ
metabolic and hemoglobin regulation, bile production
largest abdominal organ
peritoneum covers it

liver

11

glissons capsule
gallbladder fossa
fissures
falciform ligament
porta hepatis
4 lobes
ligamentum venosum and teres

parts of liver

12

divides right lobe and left lobe

falciform ligament

13

hilum, root of liver (blood, nerves travel thru it)
portal vein enters liver through it
on inferior border

porta hepatis

14

left, right (big), caudate (IVC, aorta, azygos vein by it), quadrate (by gallbladder, inferior part)

4 lobes of liver

15

can be segmented into 8 parts, each independent, segment can be removed, segments named for vascular

liver

16

portal vein
main supply
formed from superior mesentery and splenic veins

venous blood supply to liver

17

common hepatic artery
20% of blood
comes off of siliac trunk

arterial blood supply to liver

18

empty to IVC

hepatic veins

19

stores bile and concentrates it
sends bile to duodenum
hollow, muscular, contracts
pare shaped

gallbladder

20

drains liver
digests

bile ducts

21

drains to common bile duct
comes off of neck of gallbladder

cystic duct

22

joins cystic duct at common bile duct

right and left hepatic duct

23

part of endocrine system
controls metabolic
produces insulin, glucagon
posterior to stomach
retroparentenial
has head, neck, body, tail, duct, ampulla of vater

pancreas

24

spongy red (RBC) and white (lymph tissue, WBC)
largest lymph organ in body
organ of peritoneum except at hilum
filters, stores iron
arterial blood from splenic artery, splenic vein drains
by left kidney

spleen

25

2 glands just above kidneys in retroperontoneal

adrenal glands

26

outer
produces steroids, regulates potassium, reproductive, bone

adrenal cortex

27

inner
fight or flight

adrenal medulla

28

posterior to IVC
looks like tadpole

right adrenal gland

29

looks like upside down V

left adrenal gland

30

kidneys and ureters

urinary system

31

on sides of spine, bean shaped, fat supports it

kidneys

32

functional part of kidneys

nephron

33

renal pyramid becomes
transport urine to bladder
start at renal pelvis
muscular tubes

ureters

34

connects to duodenum
digestive system
food storage
mechanical breakdown of food
under dome of diaphragm, more to left side

stomach

35

greater(outer, larger) and lesser(inner, small)

curvatures

36

center of abdomen
6-7 cm long
digest, absorb nutrients
superior mesentery supplies blood

small intestine

37

connects to colon at cecum
sphincter controls

ileocecal valve

38

1.5 meters long
absorbs H2O
stores and eliminates waste
terminates at rectum

large intestine

39

duodenum
jejunum
ileum

small intestine

40

cecum
colon
rectum

large intestine

41

1st branch
off of abdominal aorta
supplies stomach, spleen, liver

celiac trunk

42

2nd branch
supplies sm bowel, large intestine

superior mesenteric artery

43

3rd branch
supplies kidneys, ureters

right and left renal arteries

44

4th branch
supplies testicles, ovary

gonadal/testicular or ovarian arteries

45

5th branch
supplies colon, rectum

inferior mesenteric artery

46

comes through hiatus in diaphragm
becomes common iliacs (rt/lt) at end

abdominal aorta

47

drains lower extremities to right atrium
common iliac joins
goes through caval hiatus at diaphragm

IVC

48

diaphragm (top)
quadratus lumborum (posterior wall)
psoas (flex thigh)
rectus abdominis (across front of abs, flex lumbar)

muscles of abdominal wall