Chapter 7: Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: Balancing Nationalism and Sectionalism Deck (30):
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Eli Whitney

Was an inventor hired by John Adams

Demonstrated the first musket made of interchangeable parts.
SIT

1

Interchangeable Parts

Definition: identical, interchangeable parts of an object.

Significance: this made objects easy to repair and helped with national innovation

SITE

2

Mass Production

Production of products in mass quantities

As more factories were built, more things were mass produced. Certainly saved a lot of time and money.
STIE

3

Industrial Revolution

The Social and economic reorganization that took place as machines replaced hand tools and large scale factory production took place.

This was when a whole lot of new stuff was invented and the nation went through a lot of changes.
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4

Cotton Gin

The mass production thing made by the south. Made Cotten faster.

This set the south on a completely different path than the north and fostered more slavery and normalized it.
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5

Henry Clay

Promoted the American System

His promotion of the American system helped it to become... Stronger? I don't know.
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6

American System

Plan for new transportation methods via railroads and highways.

United the nations economic interests.
SPITE

7

The national Road

Began in 1811 and expanded from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois.

Majorly helped unite the nation with a medium of transportation and helped unite us economically.
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8

Erie Canal

Stretched about 363 miles and was called the...

9

Tariff of 1816

Definition:

Significance:

10

Mculloch VS Maryland

Definition:

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11

John Quincy Adams

Definition:

Sinificance:

12

Nationalism

Definition:

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13

Adams-Onis Treaty

Definition:

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14

Monroe Doctorine

Definition:

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15

Missouri Compromise

Definition:

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Andrew Jackson

Definition:

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Democratic-Republican Party

Definition:

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Spoils System

Definition:

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Indian Removal Act

Definition:

Significance:

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Trail of Tears

Definition:

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Daniel Webster

Definition:

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22

John C. Calhoon

Definition:

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23

Tariff of Abominations

Definition:

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24

Bank of the United States

Definition:

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25

Whig Party

S P

The political party formed in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson.

26

Martin Van Buren

S P

He was a Whig candidate who won the Presidential election after Jackson. He inherited the irksome troubles left from Jackson

27

Panic of 1837

S P E

Definition: US Financial crisis in which banks closed, the credit system collapsed resulting in many bankruptcies and unemployment

Significance: This hurts the US economy significantly, making it hard to build it's economy back up

28

William Henry Harrision

S P

Definition: Whig candidate who won the Presidential election. He was portrayed as an old war hero

Significance: This won the Whigs into office, giving them political power

29

John Tyler

S P

Definition: Harrison's vice President and successor, opposed the Whigs

Significance: His political beliefs influenced America while he was in his term