Chapter 7 Cardiovascular Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Chapter 7 Cardiovascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Cardiovascular Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
1

The most common congenital cardiac lesions are

left to right shunts

2

most common cause of cyanotic congenital heart disease. It consists of four (thus “tetra”) abnormalities

tetralolgy of fallot

3

narrowing, or constriction, of the aorta that most commonly occurs just beyond the branching of the blood vessels to the head and arms

coartation of the aorta

4

Narrowing of the coronary arteries causes oxygen deprivation of the myocardium and ischemic heart disease.

coronary artery disease

5

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the extravascular pulmonary tissues

pulmonary edema

6

is the leading cause of strokes and CHF

hypertension

7

localized dilation of an artery that most commonly involves the aorta, especially its abdominal portion

aneurysm

8

potentially fatal complication of closed-chest trauma (rapid deceleration, blast, and compression

traumatic rupture of the aorta

9

potentially life-threatening condition in which disruption of the intima (the inner layer) permits blood to enter the wall of the aorta and separate its layers

dissection of the aorta

10

arteries become marked by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity in the arterial wall

atherosclerosis

11

caused by the rupture of the chordae tendineae or by the dysfunction of the papillary muscles that are attached to the underside of the valve cusps and normally prevent them from swinging up into the atrium when the ventricles contract.

mitral insufficiency

12

this condition causes left ventricular hypertrophy without dilation, which produces only some rounding of the cardiac apex on frontal chest radiographs and slight backward displacement on lateral projections

aortic stenosis

13

formation of nodules or vegetations on heart valves by deposits of bacteria or fungi

infective endocarditis

14

accumulation of fluid within the pericardial space surrounding the heart.

pericardial effusion

15

primarily involves the lower extremities, is the major source of potentially fatal pulmonary embolism

deep venous thrombosis

16

dilated, elongated, and tortuous vessels that most commonly involve the superficial veins of the leg just under the skin

varicose veins