chapter 7 energy balance and weight control Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 7 energy balance and weight control Deck (31):
1

treatment for overweight and obesity should involve healthy, active living with acceptable diet modificaions that will promote weight_____ and later, weight______

loss; maintenance

2

in order to lose weight, it is necessary to be in ______ energy balance

negative

3

Which of the following components of total energy expenditure is most easily altered to achieve weight management goals?
basal metabolism
energy for physical activity
thermogenesis
thermic effect of food

Energy for physical activity

4

Orlistat partially blocks fat digestion and subsequent absorption. Name the fat-digesting enzyme that is inhibited by orlistat

lipase

5

Terms such as chain-breaking, stimulus control, cognitive restructuring and self-monitoring are components of ______ modification

behavior

6

Order the nutrients below in decreasing order of the energy needed for the thermic effect of foods

carbohydrates
protein
fat

protein
carbohydrates
fat

7

Upper-body obesity is diagnosed in males when the waist circumference exceeds ___ inches

40

8

In order to lose weight, it is necessary to be in _____ energy balance

negative

9

What part of the body closely monitors and regulates body fat?

Hypothalamus

10

True or False: The set point theory of weight management proposes that humans have genetically predetermined body-fat content

true

11

How much does physical activity increase energy expenditure beyond basal metabolism?

15-35%

12

True or false: Upper-body obesity is associated with decreased risk for hypertension and diabetes

false

13

What factors increase a person's risk for upper-body obesity?

smoking
male hormone testosterone

14

Identify the factors that decrease basal metabolism

dieting
low calorie intake
loss of lean tissue

15

True of False: Poverty in the united states is associated with obesity

true

16

Upper-body obesity is also termed _____ obesity

android
apple-shape
male-pattern

17

Surgical removal of fat tissues is termed

lipectomy

18

_____ is the over the counter version of orlistat, a weight loss medication that blocks the digestion of fat in the small intestine

alli

19

What is a surgical method of inducing weight loss that involves reducing the stomach capacity and bypassing part of the small intestine

roux-en-Y gastric bypass

20

direct calorimetry measures the amount of

body heat released by a person

21

The _____ metabolic rate is calculated instead of basal metabolic rate if the individual has not fasted and/or not rested for 12hours prior to the test

resting

22

Identify those factors that increase basal metabolism

pregnancy
caffeine and tobacco use
increase in lean mass

23

Which factor decreases basal metabolism?

eating carbohydrates
high calorie intake
exercise
low calorie intake

low calorie intake

24

the Roux- en-Y gastric bypass procedure requires

bypassing a short segment of the small intestine

stomach size reduction to about 30 milliliters

25

Which of the following surgical procedures restricts the opening of the esophagus to the stomach using a hollow gastric band?

adjustable gastric banding (LAP-BAND)
Roux-en-Y bypass
vertical-banded gastroplasty
cholecystectomy

adjustable gastric banding (LAP-BAND)

26

_____ calorimetry predicts energy needs by measuring the amount of heat released by a person

direct

27

Lower-body obesity is also termed _____ obesity

pear shaped
female pattern
gynoid

28

Ghrelin is a hormone that _____ hunger

increases

29

What type of calorimetry is being used when measuring energy expenditure by oxygen uptake?

relative calorimetry
indirect calorimetry
direct calorimetry
oxygen calorimetry

indirect calorimetry

30

Diets that emphasize foods with low glycemic index claim to regulate appetite by

avoiding dramatic swings in blood glucose

31

All of the following medications induce weight loss by suppressing appetite EXCEPT

Contrave
Xenical
Qsymia
Belviq

Xenical