Chapter 7 - Hammering Out a Federal Republic, 1787-1820 Flashcards Preview

AP U.S. History > Chapter 7 - Hammering Out a Federal Republic, 1787-1820 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Hammering Out a Federal Republic, 1787-1820 Deck (41):
1

first presidential cabinet

Thomas Jefferson - Department of State, Alexander Hamilton - Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Knox - Secretary of War

2

Judiciary Act of 1789

established a federal district court in each state, three circuit courts to hear appeals, and the Supreme Court; specified that state cases involving federal laws could be appealed to the Supreme Court

3

Bill of Rights

first ten amendments to the Constitution; safeguarded fundamental personal rights

4

Report on the Public Credit

controversial report by Alexander Hamilton; asked Congress to redeem at face value the $55 million in Confederation securities held by foreign and domestic investors

5

Bank of the United States

jointly owned by private stockholders and federal government; proposed by Hamilton to make loans to merchants; handle government funds, issue bills of credit

6

Alexander Hamilton

Federalist leader and first Secretary of the Treasury - wanted to make a national bank and fought Jefferson about it

7

Report on Manufactures

report by Alexander Hamilton; urged expansion of American manufacturing and moderate revenue tariffs

8

(New) Federalists

supporters (generally northerners) of Alexander Hamilton and his visions for America

9

(Democratic) Republicans

sub-sect of Federalists who disagreed with Alexander Hamilton's policies; generally southerners led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison

10

Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)

issued by President Washington; declared America neutral in the conflict between France and Britain (therefore allowing merchants to trade with both of them)

11

French Revolution

French movement to abolish feudalism and establish constitutional monarchy; inspired by the American Revolution

12

Jacobins

radical democratic group formed during the French Revolution

13

Whiskey Rebellion

to protest Hamilton's tax on spirits, rebels assailed tax collectors who took their money; dispersed by Washington's militia force of 12,000

14

Jay's Treaty

1795 treaty between U.S. and Britain, negotiated by John Jay; accepted Britain's right to stop neutral ships and allowed Americans to submit claims for illegal seizures while requiring British to remove troops and Indian agents from Northwest Territory

15

Haitian Revolution

inspired by American and French revolutions; thousands of refugees fled the island and came to America

16

XYZ Affair

1797 incident in which American negotiators in France were rejected for refusing to pay a substantial bribe; led to undeclared maritime war

17

Naturalization Act

lengthened residency requirement for American citizenship from five to fourteen years

18

Alien Act

authorized deportation of foreigners

19

Sedition Act

prohibited publication of insults or malicious attacks on the president or members of Congress

20

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

passed by these state legislatures in 1798 to protest the Alien and Sedition Acts - set forth a states' rights interpretation of the Constitution

21

Little Turtle

chief of the Miami Indians; led the Western Confederation (a coalition a tribes) to defeat expeditionary forces of Americans sent by President Washington

22

John Adams

Federalist and second president

23

Treaty of Greenville (1795)

acknowledged Indian ownership of Ohio land - then Americans paid Western Confederacy to cede most of the land and accept American sovereignty

24

Eli Whitney

inventor of the cotton gin

25

John Marshall

Federalist chief justice of the Supreme Court during Jefferson's presidency

26

Judiciary Act of 1801

created sixteen new judgeships and other positions in the Supreme Court

27

Maybury v. Madison (1803)

Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review

28

Louisiana Purchase

sold by Napoleon, who feared American invasion, to Thomas Jefferson for $15 million in 1803

29

Lewis and Clark

Jefferson's secretary and an army officer, respectively, who were sent by Jefferson to explore the Louisiana territory

30

Sacagawea

Shoshone Indian woman who served as a guide and translator for Lewis and Clark

31

Napoleon

French military and political leader who came to control much of Europe

32

Embargo Act of 1807

prohibited American ships from leaving home ports until Britain and France stopped restricting U.S. trade

33

Tecumseh

Shawnee war chief who revived the Western Confederacy and urged Indians to shun Americans and return to their old ways

34

Battle of Tippecanoe

attack on Shawnee Indians by American forces (led by William Henry Harrison); led to massive casualties for both sides

35

War of 1812

declared by U.S. on Britain for violation of commercial rights as a neutral nation

36

Henry Clay

Speaker of the House of Representatives who pushed Madison towards the War of 1812

37

Treaty of Ghent

ended War of 1812 due to exhaustion on both sides; retained prewar borders in the U.S.

38

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

Supreme Court case that asserted the dominance of national over state statutes

39

Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819

agreement where John Quincy Adams persuaded Spain to cede the Florida territory to the U.S.

40

Monroe Doctrine

warned Spain and other European powers to stay away from the newly independent republics in Latin America and that the American continents were "not subjects for further colonization"

41

John Quincy Adams

Secretary of State under James Monroe and sixth president

Decks in AP U.S. History Class (31):