Chapter 7- Legislation (Functions of Parliament) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7- Legislation (Functions of Parliament) Deck (12):

First Reading

Formal presentation of Bill to House


Second Reading

Main debate on principle of the Bill. Gov minister explains & justifies the Bill, and shadow minister too. Unusual to have defeat at this stage... Last was the Sunday Trading Bill in 1986


Committee Stage

Bills sent to a public bill committee- new one for each bill, 16-50 members. Finance Bills and bills of constitutional significance are scrutinised in a committee of the Whole House.


Report Stage

Amendments considered by whole house


Third Reading

Debate on amended Bill on the floor of the house- no more amendments allowed


House of Lords stages

Same procedure- can send the bill back and forth between the two houses.


Private Members Bills

20 names of MPs picked to put forward their idea- Abortion Act 1967 an example of a successful bill


Legislation process

Green Paper➡️White Paper➡️First Reading➡️Second Reading➡️Committee Stage➡️Report Stage➡️Third reading (REPEAT FOR LORDS)➡️Consideration of Amendments➡️Royal Assent


Second Legislation

Laws made by ministers granted authority by an Act of Parliament rather than by parliament


Effectiveness of Legislatures: different types of legislature

Policy making
Policy influencing
Legislature with little/no policy influence


U.K. Considered a Policy Influencing Legislature meaning

They can modify/reject legislative proposals made by executive but are unable to develop extensive legislative proposals of their own


Parliament's effectiveness in making/scrutinising law is limited by dominance of the executive. Seen by

Government bills- most chance of success
Parliamentary timetable gives most time to gov
Party discipline- whip system
HoL doesn't alter key features of most bills

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