Chapter 7 MRS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 MRS Deck (92):
1

Andr/o

Male

2

Balan/o

Glans Penis

3

Epididym/o

Epididymis

4

Orch/o

Testis, Testicle

5

Orchi/o

Testis, Testicle

6

Orchid/o

Testis, Testicle

7

Prostat/o

Prostate Gland

8

Sperm/o

Spermatozoon, Sperm

9

Spermat/o

Spermatozoon, Sperm

10

Test/o

Testis, Testicle

11

Vas/o

Vessel, Duct

12

Vesicul/o

Seminal Vesicle

13

-ism

State of

14

Anorchism

State of absence of testis

15

Balanitis

Inflammation of the glans penis

16

Balanorrhea

Discharge from the glans penis

17

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

(BPH)

Excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland (nonmalignant)

18

Cruptorchidism

State of hidden testis

19

Epididymitis

Inflammation of the epididymis

20

Orchiepididymitis

Inflammation of the testis and epididymis

21

Orchitis
Orchiditis
Testitis

Inflammation of the testis or testicle

22

Prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostate gland

23

Prostatocystits

Inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder

24

Prostatolith

Stone in the prostate gland

25

Prostatorrhea

Discharge from the prostrate gland

26

Prostatovesiculitis

Inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles

27

Balanoplasty

Surgical repair of the glans penis

28

Epididymectomy

Excision of an epididymis

29

Orchidectomy
Orchiectomy

Excision of the testis

30

Orchidopexy
Orchiopexy

Surgical fixation of a testicle

31

Ochidotomy
Orchiotomy

Incision into a testis

32

Orchioplasty

Surgical repair of a testis

33

Prostatectomy

Excision of the prostate gland

34

Prostatocystotomy

Incision into the prostate gland and bladder

35

Prostatolithotomy

Incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone

36

Prostatovesiculectomy

Excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles

37

Vasectomy

Excision of a duct

38

Vasovasostomy

Creation of an artificial openings between ducts

39

Vesiculectomy

Excision of the seminal vesicles

40

Andropathy

Disease of the male

41

Aspermia

Condition of without sperm

42

Oligospermia

Condition of scanty sperm

43

Spermatolysis

Dissolution (destruction) of sperm

44

Erectile dysfunction

The inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse

A.K.A : impotence

45

Hydrocele

Scrotal swelling cause by a collection of fluid

46

Phimosis

A tightness of the prepuce that prevents its retraction over the gland penis

47

Priapism

Persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness

48

Prostate cancer

Cancer of the prostate gland

49

Testicular carcinoma

Cancer of the testicle

50

Testicular torsion

Twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased flow to the testicle; occurs most often during puberty and often presents with a sudden onset of severe testicular or scrotal pain. Because of lack of blood flow to the testis; it is often considered a surgical emergency.

51

Varicocele

Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord

52

Circumcision

Surgical removal of the prepuce

53

Hydrocelectomy

Surgical removal of a hydrocele

54

Radical Prostatectomy

(RP)

Excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes; performed by a retro public or perineal approach, or laparoscopically; use to treat cancer

55

Suprapubic prostatectomy

Excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder; used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer
A.K.A. : suprapubic transvesical prostatectomy

56

Transurethral incision of the prostate gland

(TUIP)

A surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making a few small incisions in the bladder neck and the prostate gland. No prostate tissue is removed. TUIP may be used instead of TURP when the prostate gland is less enlarged.

57

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy

(TUMT)

A treatment that eliminates excess tissue present in benign prostatic hyperplasia be using heat generated by microwave.

58

Transurethral resection of the prostate gland

(TURP)

Successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are respected be using a resectoscope in inserted through the urethra. The capsule is left intact; usually preformed when the enlarged prostate gland interferes with urination.

59

Transrectal ultrasound

An ultrasound procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer. Sound waves are sent and received by a transducer in the form of a probe that is placed into the rectum. The sound waves are transformed into image of the prostate gland.

60

Prostate-specific antigen

(PSA)

A blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood. Elevates test results may indicate the presence of prostate cancer or excess prostate tissue, as found in benign prostatic hyperplasia.

61

Digital rectal examination

(DRE)

A physical examination in which the physical inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the sizes and shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall. Used to screen for BPH and cancer of the prostate. BPH usually presents as a uniform, non tender enlargement, whereas cancer usually preened as a stony hard nodule.

62

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

(AIDS)

A disease that affects the body's immune system, transmitted by exchange of body fluid during the sexual act, reuse of contaminated needles, or receiving contaminated blood transfusions.

63

Artificial insemination

Introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

64

Chlamydia

A sexually transmitted disease, sometimes referred to as a silent STD because many people are not aware they have the disease. Symptoms that occur when the disease becomes serious are painful urination and discharge from the penis in men and genital itching, vaginal discharge, and bleeding between menstrual periods in women.

65

Coitus

Sexual intercourse between male and female.

A.K.A. : copulation

66

Condom

Cover the penis worn during coitus to prevent conception and the spread of sexually transmitted disease

67

Ejaculation

Ejection of semen from the male urethra

68

Genital herpes

Sexually transmitted disease caused by Herpesvirus hominis type 2.

A.K.A. : herpes simplex virus

69

Gonads

Male and female sex glands

70

Gonorrhea

Contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system

71

Heterosexual

Person who is attracted to a member of the opposite sex

72

Homosexual

Person who is attracted to a member of the same sex

73

Human immunodeficiency virus

A type of retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV infects T-helper cells of the immune system, allowing for opportunistic infections such as candidiasis, pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, tuberculosis and Kaposi sarcoma

74

Human papillomavirus

(HPV)

A prevalent sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths in male and females genitals.

A.K.A. : venereal warts

75

Orgasm

Climax of sexual stimulation

76

Prosthesis

An artificial replacement of an absent body part

77

Puberty

Period when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to sexually reproduce begins.

78

Sexually transmitted disease

(STD)

Diseases, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and genital herpes, transmitted during sexually contact.

79

Sterilization

Process that renders an individual unable to produce offspring

80

Syphilis

Chronic infection caused by the bacterium treponema pallidum, which usually is transmitted by sexual contact, may be acquired in utero, or contacted through direct contact with infected tissues. If untreated, the infection usually progresses through three clinical stages with a latent period. The initial local infection quickly becomes systemic which widespread dissemination of the bacterium.

81

Trichomoniasis

A sexually transmitted disease caused by a one-cell organism, trichomas. In infects the genitourinary tract. Men may be asymptomatic or may develop urethritis, an enlarge prostate gland, or epididymis. Women have vaginal itching, dysuria, and vaginal or urethral discharge.

82

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

83

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

84

DRE

Digital rectal examination

85

ED

Erectile dysfunction

86

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

87

PSA

Prostate-specific antigen

88

RP

Radical prostatectomy

89

STD

Sexually transmitted disease

90

TUIP

Transurethral incision of the prostate

91

TUMT

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy

92

TURP

Transurethral resection of the prostate