Chapter 7 Quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Quiz 1 Deck (24):
0

Who was the 1st to see a cell, named the cell, and observed cork?

Robert Hooke

1

Who built microscopes, and observed the first living cells

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

2

First person to observe a nucleus

Robert Brown

3

Who said all plants are made of cells

Schleiden

4

Who said all animals were made of cells

Schwann

5

Who came up with cytoplasm?

Purkinje

6

Who said all cells come from existing cells?

Virchow

7

What is the Cell Overview Theory?

• all living things are made of cells
• cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things
• new cells are produced from existing cells

8

What are similarities between Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

• cell membrane
• cytoplasm
• DNA
•Ribosomes

9

Specialized internal structures of eukaryotic cells

Organelles

10

Site where ribosomes are produced, and is the center of the nucleus

Nucleolus

11

Make proteins

Ribosomes

12

ER with ribosomes

Rough ER

13

ER with enzymes that aids in digestion

smooth ER

14

"Post office" of the cell

Golgi Apparatus

15

Small organelles filled with enzymes that are involved in digestion

Lysosomes

16

Sack like structures that store materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbs

Vacuoles

17

Organelles that convert chemical energy from food into compounds that are more convenient to use

Mitochondria

18

Capture energy and sunlight... Photosynthesis

Chloroplasts

19

The only two organelles that contain their own DNA

Mitochondria and Chloroplasts

20

The way Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA

They are descendants of ancient prokaryotes. They developed a symbiotic relationship with eukaryotes. Te theory is Called endosymbiotic theory

21

What maintains a cells shape and aids movement, and is a network of protein filaments

Cytoskeleton

22

What helps give a cell it's shape, made of hollow cylindrical structures, & important in forming centrioles.

Microtubules

23

What are two examples of micro tubules

Cilia and flagella