Chapter 7 - Skin Structure, Growth and Nutrition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Skin Structure, Growth and Nutrition Deck (60):
1

A(n) ________ is a physician who specializes in diseases and disorders of the skin, hair and nails.
a. histologist
b. dermatologist
c. esthetician
d. pediatrician

b. dermatologist

2

Healthy skin is:
a. smooth with a fine-grained texture
b. highly acidic
c. dry and tough
d. infexible

a. smooth with a fine-grained texture

3

All of the following are appendages of the skin except:
a. sudoriferous glands
b. nails
c. adrenal glands
d. hair

c. adrenal glands

4

Which of the following correctly identifies the layers of the skin and fat from the outermost layer to the innermost layer?
a. dermis, subcutaneous, epidermis
b. epidermis, subcutaneous, dermis
c. dermis, epidermis, subcutaneous
d. epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous

d. epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous

5

Cells that are almost dead and pushed to the surface to replace cells are shed from the:
a. stratum corneum
b. stratum lucidum
c. stratum germinativum
d. stratum granulosum

a. stratum corneum

6

The layer directly beneath the epidermis is the:
a. reticular layer
b. stratum spinosum
c. papillary layer
d. subcutaneous tissue

c. papillary layer

7

Which type of tissue gives smoothness and contour to the body and provides a protective cushion?
a. subcutaneous tissue
b. cardiac tissue
c. muscle tissue
d. nerve tissue

a. subcutaneous tissue

8

Which nerve fibers are distributed to the arrector pili muscles attached to the hair follicles?
a. motor nerve fibers
b. sensory nerve fibers
c. secretory nerve fibers
d. impulse nerve fibers

a. motor nerve fibers

9

Nerves that regulate the secretion of perspiration and sebum are:
a. motor nerve fibers
b. sensory nerve fibers
c. secretory nerve fibers
d. impulse nerve fibers

c. secretory nerve fibers

10

Basic sensations such as touch, pain, heat, cold and pressure are registered by:
a. arrector pili muscles
b. nerve endings
c. sweat pores
d. hair follicles

b. nerve endings

11

The amount and type of pigment produced by an individual is determined primarily by his or her:
A. Genes
B. Gender
C. Sun exposure
D. Age

A. Genes

12

Skin gets its strength, form and flexibility from:
A. Collagen and keratin
B. Sebum and melanin
C. Keratin and elastin
D. Collagen and elastin

D. Collagen and elastin

13

The Sudoriferous glands do not:
A. Help regulate body temperature
B. Eliminate waste products
C. Secrete a lubricating substance
D. Exist on the palms and soles

C. Secrete a lubricating substance

14

To keep your body healthy, you must be sure that what you eat:
A. Prevents hydration
B. Causes fatigue
C. Has a pleasant taste
D. Regulates the function of your cells

D. Regulates the function of your cells

15

Which vitamin accelerates the skin's healing processing and is vitally important in fighting the aging process?
A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin C
C. Vitamin D
D. Vitamin E

B. Vitamin C

16

The epidermis is the ________ layer of the skin.
A. Healthiest
B. Thickest
C. Thinnest
D. Most important

C. Thinnest

17

The scalp has larger and deeper __________ than the skin on the rest of the body.
A. Melanocytes
B. Propionibacterium acnes
C. Sensory nerve fibers
D. Hair follicles

D. Hair follicles

18

It is ___________ for a cosmetologist to completely remove a client's callus in the salon.
A. Safe
B. Legal
C. Prohibited
D. Recommended

C. Prohibited

19

One of the best ways to follow a healthy diet is to read:
A. Magazine articles
B. Food labels
C. Diet books
D. Legal guidelines

B. Food labels

20

Emotional stress and hormone imbalances can increase the flow of:
A. Sebum
B. Spinal fluid
C. Lymph
D. Pus

A. Sebum

21

To function correctly, the body needs:
A. Carbohydrates, proteins and vitamins
B. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and fats
C. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, fats and minerals
D. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, fats, minerals and water

D. Carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, fats, minerals and water

22

The USDA recommends that people eat:
A. Zero salt and sugar
B. Large amounts of salt and sugar
C. Moderate amounts of salt and sugar
D. Moderate amounts of salt and no sugar

C. Moderate amounts of salt and sugar

23

Vitamin pills are considered:
A. Nutritional requirements
B. Nutrition supplements
C. Cosmetics
D. Prescription medications

B. Nutrition supplements

24

The appropriate amount of water that a person should drink each day is determined by a persons:
A. Weight
B. Age
C. Skin color
D. Medical history

A. Weight

25

Lack of water is the principal cause of:
A. Daytime fatigue
B. Daytime hunger
C. Daytime mood swings
D. Daytime memory loss

A. Daytime fatigue

26

Small cone-shaped elevations at the bottom of the hair follicles are:
A. Melanocytes
B. Papules
C. Dermal pillae
D. Secretory coils

C. Dermal pillae

27

The layer of the epidermis where the process of skin cell shedding begins in the:
A. Stratum corneum
B. Stratum lucidum
C. Stratum germinativum
D. Stratum spinosum

D. Stratum spinosum

28

The coiled base of the Sudoriferous glands known as the :
A. Secretory coil
B. Sweat duct
C. Sebaceous gland
D. Elastin coil

A. Secretory coil

29

A small, round elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a:
A. Comedo
B. Papule
C. Callus
D. Pustule

B. Papule

30

Fatty tissue found below the dermis is ________ tissue.
A. Secretory
B. Sudoriferous
C. Subcutaneous
D. Sensory

C. Subcutaneous

31

An inflamed pimple containing pus is a:
A. Papillary
B. Pustule
C. Callus
D. Comedo

B. Pustule

32

The outer layer of the epidermis is the _________ layer.
A. Papillary
B. Reticular
C. Tactile
D. Epidermal

A. Papillary

33

A fatty and oily secretion that lubricates the skin and preserves the softness of the hair is:
A. Sebum
B. Lymph
C. Pus
D. Melanin

A. Sebum

34

The layer of the epidermis that is composed of cells filled with keratin is the:
A. Stratum spinosum
B. Stratum granulosum
C. Stratum corneum
D. Stratum germinativum

B. Stratum granulosum

35

The layer of epidermis also known as the basal cell layer is the:
A. Stratum lucidum
B. Stratum spinosum
C. Stratum corneum
D. Stratum germinativum

D. Stratum germinativum

36

The epidermis is made of how many layers or the skin?
A. 1
B. 5
C. 3
D. 4

B. 5

37

Which vitamin enables the body to properly absorb and use calcium?
A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin C
C. Vitamin D
D. Vitamin E

C. Vitamin D

38

The largest organ of the human body is the :
A. Liver
B. Lungs
C. Skin
D. Heart

C. Skin

39

The melanin produced by the body that is red to yellow in color is:
A. Granular melanin
B. Pheomelanin
C. Eumelanin
D. Photovoltaic

B. Pheomelanin

40

Which of the following is a function of the skin?
A. Sensation
B. Excretion
C. Heat regulation
D. All of the above

D. All of the above

41

The deepest layer of the epidermis, the basal layer, is also known as:
A. Stratum spinosum
B. Stratum germinativum
C. Stratum corneum
D. Keratin dermis

B. Stratum germinativum

42

The surface of healthy skin is slightly:
A. Yellow
B. Alkaline
C. Rough
D. Acidic

D. Acidic

43

The layer of the dermis that houses the nerve endings which provide the body with the sense of touch is found in the:
A. Secretory layer
B. Papillary layer
C. Dermal layer
D. Reticular layer

B. Papillary layer

44

Oil glands that are connected to hair follicles are also called:
A. Sudoriferous glands
B. Sebaceous glands
C. Arrector glands
D. Substance glands

B. Sebaceous glands

45

When sebum hardens and the sebaceous duct becomes clogged, the pore impaction that is formed is a:
A. Secretory coil
B. Lubricant
C. Scar
D. Comedo

D. Comedo

46

The underlying or inner layer of the skin, which is also called the derma corium, cutis, or true skin, is called the:
A. Papillary
B. Dermal
C. Dermis
D. Epidermis

C. Dermis

47

The medical branch of science that deals with the study of the skin, it's functions and disease, is:
A. Anatomy
B. Dermatology
C. Histology
D. Physiology

B. Dermatology

48

The layer of skin that we see and is treated by the practitioner is the:
A. Corneum
B. Keratin
C. Melanin
D. Spinosum

A. Corneum

49

Water is the number one nutrient of the body and composes what percentage of the body's weight?
A. 20-30%
B. 35-45%
C. 50-70%
D. 40-45%

C. 50-70%

50

The deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients is the:
A. Papillary layer
B. Subcutaneous layer
C. Reticular layer
D. Basal layer

C. Reticular layer

51

Fatty tissue found below the dermis is:
A. Tactile
B. Papillae
C. Subcutaneous tissue
D. Papillary layer

C. Subcutaneous tissue

52

The outermost and thinnest layer of the skin is the:
A. Subcutaneous
B. Surface
C. Epidermis
D. Dermis

C. Epidermis

53

The muscle that causes goose bumps when a person is frightened or cold is the :
A. Angled muscle
B. Secretory muscle
C. Absorption muscle
D. Arrector pili muscle

D. Arrector pili muscle

54

The dermis layer is made up of two layers, which are the:
A. Papillary and reticular
B. Papillary and dermal
C. Dermal and tactile
D. Tactile and reticular

A. Papillary and reticular

55

The stratum germinativum is composed of several layers with special cells that produce a dark skin pigment called:
A. Keratin
B. Elongated
C. Melanin
D. Granules

C. Melanin

56

The top of the papillary layer where it joins the epidermis is the:
A. Dermis corpuscles
B. Epidermal-dermal junction
C. Epidermal-dermal connection
D. Epidermis junction

B. Epidermal-dermal junction

57

The clear, transparent layer just under the stratum corneum that consists of small cells through which light can pass is the:
A. Stratum lucidum
B. Stratum corneum
C. Stratum spinosum
D. Stratum granulosum

A. Stratum lucidum

58

All of the following are appendages of the skin EXCEPT:
A. Pineal gland
B. Nails
C. Sebaceous glands
D. Hair

A. Pineal gland

59

The tiny grains of pigment deposited in cells that provide skin with its color are:
A. Protein
B. Keratin
C. Melanin
D. Collagen

C. Melanin

60

Which type of nerve fibers carry impulses from the brain to the muscles?
A. Sensory
B. Motor
C. Secretory
D. All of the above

B. Motor