Chapter 7 - vocabulary (full terms) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - vocabulary (full terms) Deck (79):
1

abductor

muscle that draws away from middle

2

adductor

muscle that draws toward the middle

3

antagonist

muscle that counteracts action of another muscle

4

ataxia

lack of muscular coordination

5

atonic

pertaining to lack of normal muscle tone

6

atrophy

literally: lack of nourishment wasting of muscular tissue due to lack of use or lack of nerve stimulation

7

biceps

muscle with two heads or points of origin

8

brachialgia

pain in the arm

9

bradykinesia

slowness of motion

10

clonic

pertaining to alternate contraction and relaxation of muscles

11

contraction

process of drawing up and thickening of a muscle fiber

12

contracture

condition in which muscles shortens an renders it resistant to normal stretching process

13

dactylospasm

cramp of finger or toe

14

dermatomyositis

chronic, immunological disease: inflammation of muscles and skin

15

diaphragm

partition of muscles and membranes separating the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity

16

diathermy

treatment using high-frequency current to produce heat within a part of the body

17

dystonia

condition of impaired muscle tone

18

dystrophin

protein found in muscle cells

19

dystrophy

any condition of abnormal development caused by defective nourishment

20

exercise - active

muscular contraction and relaxation by patient

21

exercise - assistive

muscular contraction and relaxation with assistance of therapist

22

exercise - isometric

active muscular contraction against stable resistance

23

exercise - passive

exercise performed by another individual without patient assistance

24

exercise - range of motion

movement of each joint through its full range of motion

25

exercise - relief of tension

technique used to promote relaxation of muscles and provide tension relief

26

fascia

thin layer of connective tissue covering, supporting, or connecting the muscles

27

fibromyitis

inflammation of muscle and fibrous tissue

28

isometric

pertaining to having equal measure; increasing tension of muscle while maintaining its length

29

isotonic

pertaining to having the same tone or tension

30

levator

muscle that raises or elevates a part

31

myalgia

pain in the muscle

32

myasthenia gravis

chronic autoimmune disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal muscles

33

myoblast

embryonic cell that develops into cell of muscle fibre

34

myofibroma

tumour that contains muscle and fibre

35

myograph

instrument used to record muscular contractions

36

myokinesis

muscular motion or activity

37

myology

study of muscles

38

myoma

tumour containing muscle tissue

39

myomalacia

softening of muscle tissue

40

myoparesis

weakness/slight paralysis of a muscle

41

myopathy

muscle disease

42

myoplasty

surgical repair of a muscle

43

myorrhaphy

surgical suture of muscle wound

44

myosarcoma

malignant tumour derived from muscle tissue

45

myosclerosis

abnormal condition of hardening of muscle

46

myositis

inflammation of skeletal muscle

47

myospasm

spasmodic contraction of a muscle

48

myotome

surgical instrument used to cut muscle

49

myotomy

surgical incision into a muscle

50

neuromyopathic

pertaining to a disease condition involving both nerves and muscles

51

polyplegia

paralysis affecting many muscles

52

quadriceps

muscle that has four heads or points of origin

53

rhabdomyoma

tumour of striated muscle tissue

54

rheumatism

general term used to describe conditions characterized by inflammation, soreness, and stiffness of muscles and joint pain

55

rotator cuff

group of muscles and tendons that stabilize the shoulder

56

sarcolemma

plasma membrane surrounding each striated muscle fibre

57

spasticity

condition of increase muscular tone causing stiff and awkward movements

58

sternocleidomastoid

muscle arising from the sternum with its insertion in the mastoid process

59

synergetic

pertaining to certain muscles that work together

60

synovitis

inflammation of synovial membrane

61

tendon

connective tissue that attaches muscle to bones

62

tenodesis

surgical binding of a tendon

63

tenodynia

pain in a tendon

64

tetany

condition characterized by cramps, convulsions, muscle twitching, and sharp flexion of wrist/ankle joints

65

tonic

pertaining to tone

66

torsion

process of being twisted

67

torticollis

stiff neck cause by spasmodic contraction of neck muscles

68

triceps

muscle having three heads with single insertion

69

contractility

ability of muscle to contract

70

extensibility

ability of muscle to stretch

71

excitability

ability of a muscle to respond to stimulation

72

elasticity

ability of a muscle to return to normal position

73

parts of muscle - origin

fixed attachment to stationary bone

74

parts of muscle - body

main part of muscle

75

parts of muscle - insertion

point of attachment to bone that muscle is moving

76

aponeurosis

sheet-like tendon attaching muscles in specific areas of the body (abdomen for example)

77

prime mover/agonist

primary muscle involved in movement

78

synergist

muscles that act to assist in movement

79

tonicity

continuous partial contraction of skeletal muscles to maintain posture

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