Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (24):
The study of the mental processes by which information from the environment is modified, made meaningful, stored, retrieved, used, and communicated to others.
Mechanisms for receiving info, representing it with symbols, and manipulating it.
The manipulation of mental representations.
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and an overt response to if.
Evoked brain potential
A small, temporary change in EEG voltage that is evoked by some stimulus.
Categories of objects, events, or ideas that have common properties.
Concepts that have no fixed set of defining features but instead share a set of characteristic features.
A member of a natural concept that possesses all or most of its characteristic features.
Mental representation of the relationship between concepts.
Mental representation of familiar sequences of activity.
A cluster of propositions representing our understandings of objects and processes that guides our interaction with those things.
Systematic prosecutes that cannot fail to produce a correct solution to a problem, if a solution exists.
Rules of logic
Sets of statements that provide a formula for drawing valid conclusions.
Arguments made up of two or more propositions(premises) and a conclusion based on those premises.
The process of following a set of rigorous procedures for reaching valid conclusions.
The process of evaluating a conclusion, theory, or course of action on the bias on the believability of evidence.
Time-saving mental shortcuts used in reasoning.
A mental shortcut that involves basing judgements on existing behavior.(
A mental shortcut that involves judging whether something belongs in a given class on the basis of its similarity to other members of that class.
A mental shortcut through which judgements are based on info that is most easily brought to mind.
The tendency for old patterns of problems solving to persist even when they might not always be the most efficient alternative.
A tendency to think about familiar objects in familiar ways that may prevent using them in other ways.
The total benefit to be expected if a decision were to be repeated several times.
The smallest unit of sound that affects the meaning of speech.