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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (20):
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Islam

a religion based on the teachings of Muhammad

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oasis

a green area in a desert fed by underground water

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isolation

separation from other populated areas

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sheikh

the leader of an Arab tribe

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caravan

a group of traveling merchants and animals

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authority

power over thoughts, opinions, and behavior

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Quran

the holy book of Islam

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shari'ah

Islamic code of law

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caliph

a Muslim leader

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Sunni

group of Muslims who accepted the rule of the Umayyad caliphs

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Shia

group of Muslims who believed the descendants of Ali should rule

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principles

an important law or belief

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culture

the customs, art, science, and learning of a group of people

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sultan

Seljuk leader

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mosque

a Muslim house of worship

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bazaar

a marketplace

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astrolabe

a tool that helps sailors navigate by the positions of the stars

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confirmed

to prove that something is true, to remove doubt

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publish

to produce the work of an author, usually in print

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minaret

the tower of a mosque from which Muslims are called to prayer