Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Psych > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (20):
1

Bisexual

Person attracted to both women and men

2

Depressants

Drugs that decrease the functioning of the nervous system

3

Drive

A psychological tension and physical arousal arising when there is a need that motivates the organism to act in order to fulfill the need and reduce the tension

4

Emotion

The “feeling” aspect of consciousness, characterized by a certain physical arousal, a certain behavior that reveals the emotion to the outside world, and an inner awareness of feelings

5

Extrinsic Motivation

Type of motivation in which a person performs an action because it leads to an outcome that is separate from or external to the person

6

Hallucinogenics

Drugs including hallucinogens and marijuana that produce hallucinations or increased feelings of relaxation and intoxication

7

Homeostasis

The tendency of the body to maintain a steady state

8

Incentives

Things that attract or lure people into action

9

Instincts

The biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior that exist in both people and animals

10

Intrinsic Motivation

Type of motivation in which a person performs an action because the act itself is rewarding or satisfying in some internal matter

11

Motivation

The process in which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met

12

Narcotics

A class of opium-related drugs that suppress the sensation or pain by binding to and stimulating the nervous system’s natural receptor sites for endorphins

13

Need

A requirement of some material (such as food and water) that is essential for survival of the organism

14

Primary Drives

Those drives that involve needs of the body such as hunger and thirst

15

Psychoactive Drugs

Drugs that alter thinking, perception, and memory

16

Psychological Dependence

The feeling that a drug is needed to continue a feeling of emotional or psychological well-being

17

Self-actualization

According to Maslow, the point that is seldom reached at which people have sufficiently satisfied the lower needs and achieved their full human potential

18

Sexual Orientation

A person’s sexual attraction and affection for members of either the opposite or same sex

19

Stimulants

Drugs that increase the functioning of the nervous system

20

Withdrawal

Physical symptoms that can include nausea, pain, tremors, crankiness, high blood pressure, resulting from a lack of an addictive drug in the body systems