Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (64):
0

Systole

Contraction phase of a vessel

1

Diastole

Relaxation phase

2

Hypertension

Consistently high bpm

3

Hypotension

Consistently low blood pressure

4

Atherosclerosis

Condition of fatty plaque causing narrowing

5

Atheroma

Tumor of fat packed in an artery

6

Hypercholesterolemia

Excessive fats in the blood leads to this

7

Occlusion

A vessel that has a lot of buildup which causes a block.

8

Patent

A vessel is open

9

Aneurysm

Localized abnormal dilation of a vessel usually an artery

10

Arrhythmia

Irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart.

11

Arteriosclerosis

Gardening and narrowing of an artery along with the loss of its elasticity

12

Atherosclerosis

Like arteriosclerosis with deposits of plaque containing cholesterol and lipids that narrows the lumen

13

Cardiomyopathy

Disease or weakening of a heart muscle that diminishes heart function

14

Embolism

A mass becomes lodged in a blood vessel blocking blood flow

15

Hyperlipidemia

Excessive amounts of lipids in the blood

16

Ischemia

Local temporary deficiency of blood supply to an organ or tissue due to circulatory obstruction

17

Palpitation

Sensation of an irregular heartbeat

18

Syncope

Partial or complete loss of consciousness that is usually caused by a decreased blood supply to the brain

19

Angioplasty

Any procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores blood flow

20

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

Vessel detour around a blockage in the vessel. They place a vein from another part of your body and bypass it to restore blood flow

21

BP, B/P

Blood pressure

22

CA

Cancer

23

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

24

CAD

Coronary artery disease

25

HTN

Hypertension

26

MI

Myocardial infarction

27

Hemostasis

Arrest of bleeding or circulation

28

Venipuncture

Drawing of blood with a needle attached to a syringe

29

Aneurysm/o

Widened blood vessel

30

Angi/o

Vessel

31

Vascul/o

Vessel

32

Aort/o

Aorta

33

Arteri/o

Artery

34

Arteriol/o

Arteriole

35

Atri/o

Atrium

36

Ather/o

Fatty plaque

37

Cardi/o

Heart

38

Coron/o

Heart

39

Electr/o

Electricity

40

Embol/0

Embolus(plug)

41

Hemangi/o

Blood vessel

42

My/o

Muscle

43

Phleb/o

Vein

44

Ven/o

Vein

45

Scler/o

Hardening; sclera (white of the eye)

46

Sept/o

Septum

47

Sphygm/o

Pulse

48

Sten/o

Narrowing, stricture

49

Thromb/o

Blood clot

50

Valv/o

Valve

51

Valvul/o

Valve

52

Vas/o

Vessel; duct

53

Ventricul/o

Ventricle of the heart or brain

54

-cardia

Heart condition

55

-gram

Record, writing

56

-graph

Instrument for recording

57

-graphy

Process of recording

58

-stenosis

Narrowing, stricture

59

Brady-

Slow

60

Endo-

In, within

61

Extra-

Outside

62

Peri-

Around

63

Trans-

Across