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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (66):
0

What are the two Federal government

1. Central Government
2. Regional Government

1

What are they separated by?

The Constitution

2

Two Views

1. Cooperative Federalism
2. States Rights Model

3

Cooperative Federalism

Decision making is shared, but the Federal Government is supreme

4

States Rights

Competitive relationship between the state and national governments
(Gain in power for one side is a loss in power of the other side)

5

What is the general thinking of States Rights people

The states will have more control over local affairs

6

Principals of State Government

1. Popular Sovereignty
2. Limited Government
3. Separation of Powers
4. Checks and Balances
5. Bicameral Legislature

7

Which state does Bicameral Legislature not apply to

Nebraska

8

What are the functions of the State Government?

1. Police Power
2. Public Services
3. To control local government

9

What is involved in Police Power?

1. Public safety
2. Public health
3. Public transportation

10

What is involved in Public Services?

1. Roads
2. Education
3. Fire Department

11

Dillon's Rule

All units of local government are created by and subordinate to the states

12

What do state constitutions contain?

1. Bill of Rights
2. Structure of the State Government
3. Established systems of local government
4. Established state boards, agencies, and institutions
5. Established revenue systems (taxes)

13

Tennessee becomes a state when

1796

14

What were the first capitals of Tennessee?

Knoxville, Murfreesboro, Nashville

15

When did Nashville become the state capital

1876

16

How many constitutions has TN had?

3

17

The constitution that we have today was written when

1870

18

When were the 3 different constitutions made?

1. 1796
2. 1835
3. 1870

19

State Legislative Branch Characteristics

1. It has a name
2. Bicameral
3. Session
4. Committees

20

What is the name of the TN Legislative Branch

Tennessee General Assembly

21

What does it mean that the State Legislative Branch is bicameral?

It has a
1. House of Representatives-99
2. Senate-33

22

Legislative Session lasts how long

90 days over two years

23

What are the primary functions of the State Legislative Branch?

1. Make laws
2. Provide financing for the operation of the state government

24

Who can the Extraordinary Sessions be called by

1. Governor
2. Speaker of the House and Speaker of the Senate at the request of 2/3 of the members

25

Who elects the Constitutional Officers

The legislature

26

Who are the Constitutional Officers?

1. Secretary of State
2. Comptroller of the Treasury
3. State Treasurer

27

How long is the term for the Comptroller of the Treasury and the Treasurer?

Both are two terms

28

Legislation (Process of a Bill)

1. A bill may originate in either House (Senate of House of Reps.) but it must be introduced by the 10th legislative day
2. The bill must be passed on 3 different legislative days in both Houses (6 times total)
3. You must have a majority vote in both Houses
4. It is then sent to the governor

29

What options does the governor have with a bill?

1. Veto
- Majority can override the veto
2. Sign it
3. Do nothing for 10 days and it becomes a law

30

State Senate term is how long?

4 years
- Staggered

31

Qualifications for the TN State Senate

1. 30 years old
2. U.S. citizen
3. Lived in TN for 3 years
4. Lived in the district for 1 year

32

Leadership Positions in the State Senate

1. Lieutenant Governor (Also the State Speaker of the Senate)
2. Majority Leader
3. Minority Leader
4. Speaker Pro Tempore

33

Lieutenant Governors Powers

1. Succeeds the Governor
2. Presides over all sessions of the senate
3. Appoints all committees and the committee chairman
4. Member of all standing committees

34

Standing Committees

Always are in existence

35

How many Standing Committees are there in TN?

9
1. Judiciary Committee
2. Transportation Committee

36

What is an important Select Committee?

Calendar Committee

37

Intermediate Appellate Courts in TN

1. Courts of Appeal
2. Courts of Criminal Appeals

38

Courts of Appeal

Only hear civil cases

39

Court of Criminal Appeals

Only hear criminal cases

40

Trial Courts in TN

1. Probate Courts
2. Chancery Courts
3. Circuit Courts
4. Criminal Cases
5. Courts of Limited Jurisdiction
6. General Sessions Courts
7. Municipal Courts

41

Probate Court

Deals with guardianships and estates

42

Chancery Court

Deals with domestic relations and civil cases

43

Circuit Court

Deals with domestic relations and civil and criminal cases

44

Criminal Courts

Deals with criminal cases

45

Court of Limited Jurisdiciton

Deals with paternity and cases involving juveniles

46

What is an example of Court of Limited Jurisdiction

Juvenile Courts

47

General Sessions Court

Deals with preliminary hearings, civil cases up to $10,000, domestic relations, mental health, misdemeanors, and DUI's

48

Municipal Courts

Interpret and apply the ordinances of a town

49

How many counties are in TN

95

50

County Government Consists of

1. Sheriff
2. County Mayor
3. County Commission
4. Trustee
5. Register of Deeds
6. County Clerk
7. Assessor of Property
8. Board of Education
9. County Coroner
10. Super Intendant of Schools

51

Sheriff

Elected by the people

52

Sheriff's Primary Duties

1. Preserve the peace
2. Maintain the jail
3. Serve court orders

53

County Mayor

Elected by the people

54

County Mayor's Duties

1. In charge of the counties property
2. Must prepare a report on the counties financial situation

55

County Commission

Made up of the County Commissioners

56

What do the County Commissioners serve as

The Legislative Body

57

County Commission's Duties

1. Set tax rates
2. Prepare the county budget

58

Trustee's Duties

1. Collects the counties taxes
2. Pays the counties debts
3. Responsible for investing extra funds

59

Register of Deeds' Duties

1. Responsible for the safe keeping of the counties legal documents

60

County Clerk Duties

1. Collect the will tax

61

Assessor of Property Duties

1. Determines the value of all real and personal property in the county

62

Board of Education

Elected by the people

63

Board of Education Duties

Oversee the public schools

64

County Coroner

Declare death

65

Super Intendant of Schools

Appointed by the Board of Educations