Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (20):
1

_____ is best defined as physical changes that mark the transition from childhood to young adulthood.
Answer

Puberty

Menopause

Primary circular reactions

Secondary circular reactions

puberty

2

The two general types of physical development associated with puberty include
Answer

lower self-esteem and bodily changes.

bodily changes and sexual maturation.

sexual maturation and formal operational thinking.

formal operational thinking and lower self-esteem.

bodily changes and seual maturation

3

Primary sex characteristic changes are those directly impacting
Answer

reproduction.

height.

intelligence.

personality.

reproduction

4


A key physical component of puberty is the _____ gland, which regulates pubertal changes by signaling other glands to secrete hormones.
Answer

thyroid

adrenal

pituitary

pineal

pituitary

5

Estrogen is directly released by the
Answer

pituitary gland.

ovaries.

adrenal gland.

testes.

ovaries

6

Estrogen is to androgen as
Answer

sperm is to egg.

ovary is to testes.

male is to female.

ejaculation is to menarche.

ovary is to testes

7

The negative effects associated with being an early-maturing female have been found to be offset by
Answer

hormone replacement therapy.

having supportive parents.

possessing a strong personal fable.

hanging around with older males.

having supportive parents

8

Concerning weight, the abbreviation BMI stands for
Answer

base metabolic indices.

body metabolic indices.

base mass index.

body mass index.

bod mass index

9

Overweight teens are most at risk for developing _____ later in life.
Answer

osteoporosis

sickle-cell disease

Huntington's disease

diabetes

diabetes

10

Which would be the most effective way for a parent to discourage obesity in their children?
Answer

teach them the importance of eating everything they put on their plate

downplay the taste of food

point out and ridicule fat people

remind them to stop eating when they feel full

remind them to stop eating when they feel full

11

Anabolic steroids are most chemically similar to
Answer

cocaine.

estrogen.

testosterone.

Ritalin.

testosterone

12

Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?
Answer

Fred, who is European American

Ned, who is African American

Ed, who is Hispanic American

Ted, who is Asian American

Ned, who is African American

13

The illusion of invulnerability is best defined by the phrase,
Answer

“dangerous but fun.”

“slow and steady wins the race.”

“once bitten, twice shy.”

“nothing is worse the risk of dying.”

dangerous but fun

14

Heuristic tend to be very
Answer

sophisticated.

fast.

accurate.

analytical.

fast

15


The basic premise of ad populum arguments is that
Answer

most people are stupid.

attack the messenger, not the message.

the lone voice will carry the day.

if most people believe it, it must be correct.

if most people believe it, it must be correct

16

What technique did Kohlberg use to assess moral thinking?
Answer

He presented participants with moral dilemmas.

He observed moral behavior in laboratory experiments.

He observed moral behavior in real-life experiments.

He reviewed newspaper account on acts of bravery and acts of violence.

he presented participants with moral dilemmas

17


What basic moral question underlies the Heinz dilemma?
Answer

Are humans naturally violent or passive?

Can stealing be justified?

Is there a God?

Is the correct term “catsup” or “ketchup?”

can stealing be justified?

18

Postconventional moral thinking is characterized by judgments made according to a(n)
Answer

personal code of behavior.

set of society's laws.

list of parental “do’s and dont’s.”

egocentric self-schema.

personal code of behavior

19

Gilligan’s original complaint against Kohlberg’s theory was that it
Answer

didn’t accurately reflect the moral development of women.

had too many stages.

was too Piagetian.

had no practical applications.

didnt accurately reflect the moral development of women

20

Which phrase describes the emphasis of Gilligan's theory of moral development?
Answer

the ethic of care

the ethic of justice

the ethic of intelligence

the ethic of obedience

the ethic of care