Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Suetonius, Caligula vocabulary > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (142):
1

abundē

with genit., sufficiently, enough (> abundus)

2

abūtor abutī abūsus

to abuse

3

āctum –ī n.

deed, a transaction, law; written record, official record of (e.g.) senate proceedings

4

addō addere addidī additus **

to add, insert, bring/attach to, say in addition; increase; impart; associate

5

adiuvō adiuvāre adiūvī adiūvatus

to help, aid, abet, encourage, favor; cherish, sustain; be of use, be profitable

6

adūlātiō –ōnis f.

cringing flattery, adulation

7

aliquis aliquid and aliquī aliqua aliquod ****

someone, something; some, any; si quis, si quid: anyone who, anything that

8

aliter

otherwise, differently; in any other way [aliter ac => otherwise than]

9

alius alia aliud *****

other, another

10

amābilis –e

lovable

11

Ambitarvium –ī m.

Ambitarvium; the name of a village in Gaul / Germany

12

antīquus –a –um *

old, ancient, old–time, former

13

Antium –iī n.

Antium, an ancient town in Latium distinguished for the temple of Fortune

14

appellō appellāre appellāvī appellātus *

to call (upon); address; dun; solicit; appeal (to); bring to court; accuse; name

15

arbitror arbitrārī arbitrātus sum

to judge, consider, think

16

argūmentum –ī n.

proof, evidence, argument

17

arguō arguere arguī argūtus

to prove, argue, allege; disclose; accuse, complain of, charge, blame, convict

18

arma armōrum n. *****

arms, weapons

19

Asillius –ī m.

Asilius, a Roman name

20

auctōritās auctōritātis f. *

authority; influence, clout

21

audēns –entis

venturing, daring; bold, brave; (compar.), audentior, bolder, more boldly

22

bīmulus –a –um

two years old (dim. of bimus)

23

bis *

twice (in composition bi–)

24

Capitō –ōnis m.

Capito (a name)

25

castra castrōrum n. pl. *****

(military) camp

26

cōnfluēns –entis m.

a place of union, confluence, junction, forks

27

cōnstituō cōnstituere cōnstituī cōnstitūtus ***

to set up, establish; decide

28

coss.

abbreviation of consulēs, consulibus etc.

29

cum *****

with (prep. +abl.)

30

dēsīgnō dēsīgnāre dēsīgnāvī dēsīgnātus

to mark out, arrange

31

dīcō dīcere dīxī dictus *****

to say, speak, tell

32

dictitō dictitāre dictitāvī dictitātus

to say often, reiterate; call or name repeatedly

33

dīversitās –ātis f.

variety, difference, disagreement

34

dīvulgō –āre

to make public, divulge; make common property

35

domicilium –iī n.

residence

36

dūcō dūcere dūxī ductus ****

to lead; consider; lead off for punishment

37

ēdō ēdere ēdidī ēditus

to eject/emit; put/give forth (buds); beget; bear (fruit); display/evince/exhibit; utter solemnly; pronounce/decree (oracle); deliver (message); issue (command); publish; disclose, tell, relate, make known; declare, make formal statement; cause

38

egō meī mihi mē mē *****

I; me

39

ēlevō –āre –āvī –ātum

to raise; diminish, make light of

40

ēnītor ēnītī ēnīsus/ēnīxus sum

to struggle, strive; give birth to

41

eō *

there, in that place; for that reason, consequently

42

epistula epistulae f.

letter/dispatch/written communication; imperial rescript; epistle; preface

43

exigō exigere exēgī exāctus

to drive out, exact, collect

44

exstō exstāre exstāvī exstātus

to stand forth or out; rise above

45

facile *

easily

46

ferē *

almost; about, nearly; generally, in general; (w/ negatives) hardly ever

47

fidēs fideī f. ***

faith, trust; trustworthiness; confidence

48

Fonteius –ī m.

Fonteius (a name)

49

Gaetūlicus –ī m.

Gaetulicus, a Roman cognomen

50

Gallia Galliae f. ***

Gaul

51

gignō gignere genuī genitus

to create, bring forth, beget, bear

52

glōriōsus –a –um

full of glory, glorious, famous, renowned

53

Herculēs –is m. *

Hercules, the god of strength and labor, son of Jupiter and Alcmena

54

herī

yesterday or here

55

hībernus –a –um

(belonging to) winter

56

hic haec hoc *****

this; these

57

ibī ***

in that place, there; then, thereupon

58

igitur ***

therefore

59

immātūrus –a –um

untimely

60

imperium imperiī n. ****

power, authority, command; empire

61

imperō imperāre imperāvī imperātus *

to give an order, order, command; levy; rule (over) (+ dat.); hold political power, be emperor

62

indicō indicāre indicāvī indicātus

to point out, show, indicate, expose, betray, reveal; inform against, accuse

63

inscrībō inscrībere inscrīpsī inscrīptus

to write on(to), brand

64

īnscrīptiō –ōnis f.

a writing upon, inscribing; an inscription, title

65

instrūmentum –ī n.

tool, instrument, furniture

66

inveniō invenīre invēnī inventus ***

to find, discover

67

ipse ipsa ipsum *****

himself, herself, itself (intensive); very

68

Iūnius –a –um

Junian; of the Junii, an important Roman family

69

iuvenis iuvene *

youthful, young

70

Kalendae –ārum f.

the day of proclamation, Kalends, first day of the month

71

laus laudis f. *

praise, approval, merit; glory; renown

72

Lentulus –ī m.

Lentulus

73

locus locī m. or loca locōrum n. pl. *****

place, region, part

74

medicus medicī m.

doctor, physician

75

memoria memoriae f. *

memory

76

mendācium –ī n.

lie

77

mentior mentīrī mentītus

to invent, assert falsely, lie, cheat, deceive, pretend

78

meus –a –um *****

my, mine

79

nātālis –e

of or belonging to one's birth, birth–, natal

80

neptis –is f.

grand-daughter

81

nōmen nōminis n. *****

name, account

82

nūtriō –īre –īvī or iī –ītus

to nourish, suckle; breed, rear, train

83

ob *

on account of, because of (+ acc.)

84

obitus –ūs m.

a going down, setting; downfall, ruin; death

85

ōmen ōminis n.

omen

86

ostendō ostendere ostendī *

to show; reveal; make clear, point out, display, exhibit

87

pāreō pārēre pāruī pāritūrus *

to be obedient, obey (+ dat.); appear, be visible, be at hand

88

patrius –a –um *

father's, paternal; ancestral

89

paucī –ae –a ***

few

90

pār paris *

equal (to); a match for; of equal size/rank/age; fit/suitable/right/proper; equal in power/prestige/importance/rank/status/office/authority; comparable; corresponding in degree, proportionate, commensurate (unlike qualities); measuring up

91

perdūcō perdūcere perdūxī perductum

to bring over, persuade

92

perveniō pervenīre pervēnī perventus **

to come to; reach; arrive

93

Plinius –iī m.

Pliny

94

praeferō praeferre praetulī praelātus

to prefer

95

praesertim

especially; particularly

96

praetereā *

besides, thereafter; in addition

97

prīdiē

day before

98

prīnceps prīncipis m. ***

leader/chief, first/leading member/citizen/man; master/expert; founder/proposer Princeps (non–military title of Roman Emperor); senior Senator; leader of pack

99

prō ****

in front of; on behalf of, for; in return for, instead of, in accordance with (+ abl.)

100

procreō –āre –āvī –ātum

to procreate, engender, beget

101

prope propius proximē ***

nearly, almost/nearest, next, immediately following; prep. + acc.

102

puella puellae f. **

girl

103

puellus –ī m.

boy

104

puer puerī m. ****

boy, slave

105

puera –ae f.

girl

106

pueritia pueritiae f.

boyhood, childhood, youth

107

puerperium –iī n.

birth of a child; delivery

108

quīndecim; quintus –a –um decimus –a –um

15; 15th

109

quō **

where, whither; to what purpose, what for

110

quod *****

because, the fact that

111

ratiō ratiōnis f. ***

account, reckoning, invoice; plan; prudence; method; reasoning; rule; regard

112

refellō –ere –fellī

to disparage, refute

113

regiō regiōnis f. *

area, region; neighborhood; district, country; direction

114

restō restāre restitī

to remain, resist

115

retineō retinēre retinuī retentus *

to hold back, restrain; uphold; delay; hold fast; retain, preserve

116

sacrum sacrī n.

(religious) rite, sacrifice; something consecrated, a holy thing, sacred vessel, sacred utensil, holy place, sanctuary, temple

117

scrībō scrībere scrīpsī scrīptus **

to write

118

sēcessus –ūs m.

a going apart; a retreat, retirement; a recess (> secedo)

119

Secundus –ī m.

Secundus (a name)

120

sēdēs sēdis f. *

seat, chair; home, residence; settlement, habitation

121

semper

always

122

September –bris –bre

pertaining to September

123

servus servī m. **

slave

124

sīcut or sīcutī *

as, just as; like; in same way; as if; as it certainly is; as it were

125

sōlum –ī n.

base, bottom, earth; native territory

126

sōlus –a –um ****

alone, only

127

sūmō sūmere sūmpsī sūmptus *

to take up; begin; seat, drink, consume; uppose, assume; select; purchase; exact (punishment); obtain

128

supersum superesse superfuī superfutūrus

to be left over; survive; be in excess/superfluous (to); remain to be performed

129

suprā *

above, beyond; over; more than; in charge of, in authority over (adv. and prep. +acc.)

130

taedium –ī n.

weariness, irksomeness, tediousness, loathing, disgust

131

Talarius –iī

Talarius, a Roman name

132

Tībur –uris n.

Tibur, a city on the eastern border of Latium

133

trānsferō trānsferre trānstulī trānslātus

to transport/convey/transfer/shift; transpose; carry/bring across/over; transplant, copy out (writing); translate (language); postpone, transfer date; transform

134

Trēverī or Trēvirī –ōrum m.

Treveri, a people in Gallia Belgica, between the Moselle and the forest of Ardennes

135

tuus –a –um *****

your, yours

136

ubī *****

where, when; (adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever; (interrog.), where; (of time), when; whenever; as soon as; in comparison

137

urbs urbis f. *****

city

138

valeō valēre valuī valitūrus ***

to be strong, be able; be well, fare well; be worth

139

versiculus versiculī m.

verse, little line

140

vīcus vīcī m.

village, district, neighborhood, precinct, ward

141

vocō vocāre vocāvī vocātus ****

to call; summon; name

142

volō velle voluī *****

to be willing, want, wish