Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Fmly 1010 Final > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (39):
1

Osteoporosis

A condition in which minerals especially calcium reach from the bones leaving them to become brittle and fragile and thin

2

Presbyopia

I nearly universal change in eyesight during Middle adulthood that results in some loss of near vision

3

Glaucoma

Condition in which pressure in the fluid of the eye increases either because the fluid cannot drain properly or because too much fluid is produced

4

Presbycusis

Loss of the ability to hear sounds of high frequency

5

Female climacteric

The period that marks the transition from being able to bear children to being unable to do so

6

Menopause

The cessation of menstration

7

Péri ménopause

The period before menopause when hormone production begins to change

8

Male climacteric

The period of physical and psychological change relating to the male reproductive system that occurs during late middle-age

9

Type a behaviour pattern

Behaviour characterized by competitiveness in patients and a tendency towards frustration and hostility. These people engage in polyphasic activities – multiple activities carried over simultaneously

10

Type a B behaviour pattern.

B ehaviour characterized by noncompetitiveness patients and the lack of aggression

11

Radiation therapy

Radiation targets the tumour in attempt to destroy it

12

Chemotherapy

Patient undergoing chemotherapy and just control doses of toxic substances meant to poison the tumour

13

Mammograms

A kind of week extra used to examine breast tissue

14

Fluid intelligence

Information processing capabilities reasoning and memory intelligence that reflects information processing capabilities reasoning and memory

15

Crystallized intelligence

Accumulation of information skills and strategies that people have learned through experience and that they can apply and problem-solving

16

Selective optimization

The process by which people concentrate on particular skill areas to compensate for losses in other areas

17

Expertise

Yeah condition of skill or knowledge in a particular area

18

Sensory memory

Sensory memory is an initial momentary storage of information information is recorded by the sensory memory system as a raw meaningless stimulus next day moves into short-term memory

19

Short term memory

Short term memory is held for 15 to 25 seconds . If the if the information is rehearsed it then moved into long-term memory

20

Long-term memory

In long-term memory memories are stored on a relatively permanent basis

21

Schemas

Organize bodies of information stored in memory

22

Normative crisis model

The approach to emotional development that is based on fairly universal stages tied to a sequence of age related crisis’s

23

Life event model

Your approach to emotional development those based on the timing of particular event in an all adult life rather than on age per se

24

Generativity versus stagnation

According to Ericsson the stage during middle adult hood in which people can see through their contributions to family and society

25

Midlife crisis

A state of uncertainty and indecision brought about by the realization that life is finite

26

Big five personality traits

Neuroticism extraversion open this agreeableness conscientiousness

27

Set point for happiness

The stability of subjective well-being suggest that most people have a setpoint for happiness – a level that is consistent despite the ups and downs of life. Civic events my temporary elevate or depressed a persons mood of people eventually return to the general level of happiness

28

Empty nest syndrome

Experience that relates to parents feelings of unhappiness worry loneliness and depression resulting from their children’s departure from home

29

Boomerang children

Young adults return after leaving home for some period to live in the homes of their middle aged parents

30

Sandwich generation

Adults who in middle adult hood must for fill the needs of both children and ageing parents

31

Involved grandparents

Involve the grandparents are actively engaged in and have influence over the grandchildren’s lives. They hold the clear expectations about the way the grandchildren should behave. Retired grandparent who takes care of a grandchild all the child’s parents work is an example of an involved a grandparent

32

Companionate grandparents

Companion a grandparents are more relaxed. Rather than taking responsibility for their grandchildren to active supporters and buddies to them

33

Remote grandparents

Grandparents are detached and distant showing a little interest in their grandchildren

34

Three stages of marital aggression

Tension building stage, acute battering incident, loving contrition stage

35

Tension building stage

A batterer Becomes upset and shows the satisfaction through verbal abuse. You might also use some physical aggression such as shoving or grabbing. The wife made desperately trying to avoid the impending violence attempting to call Merce post or withdraw from the situation. Such behaviour might also include H the husband who since it’s his wife’s vulnerability. Her efforts to escape may increase his anger

36

Acute battering incident

The physical abuse occurs lasting from several minutes to hours.

37

Loving contrition stage

At this point the husband feels remorse and apologizes for his actions. He may provide first aid and sympathy assuring his wife and he will never act violently again. Because wives and feel they were somehow partly at fault they might except the apology and I forgive their husbands.

38

Cycle of violence hypothesis

The theory that abuse and neglect of children leave them to be predisposed to abusiveness as adult

39

Burn out

Situation that occurs when highly trained professional experience dissatisfaction disillusionment frustration and weariness from their jobs