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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (31):
1

employment at will

either side is free to terminate it at any time without advance notice or reason

2

job screening

ensures a pool of competent candidates and guarantees that everyone has been dealt with fairly; when done improperly, it undermines effective recruitment and invites injustices into the hiring process

3

job description

lists all pertinent details about the content of the job, including its duties, responsibilities, working conditions, and physical requirements

4

job specification

describes the qualifications an employee needs, such as the pertinent skills, background, education, or work experience

5

Bona fide occupational qualifications (BFOOs)

job specifications to which the civil rights law does not apply

6

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

employers must be careful not to screen out disabled applicants who have the capacity to carry out the job

7

test validity

whether test scores correlate with performance in some other activity- that is, whether the test measures the skill or ability it is intended to measure

8

test reliability

refers to whether test results are replicable- that is, whether a subject's scores will remain relatively consistent from test to test (so that a test taker won't score high one day and low the next)

9

situational interview

claim that it predicts future job performance better than a standard interview does and also more accurately than resume analysis, personality assessments, or pen-and-paper tests. In situational interviews, job candidates have to engage in role playing in a mock office scenario.

10

three factors that serve as bases for promotions

1. seniority
2. inbreeding
3. nepotism

11

three factors that serve as bases for promotions

1. seniority
2. inbreeding
3. nepotism

12

seniority

refers to longevity on a job or with a firm

13

inbreeding

the practice of promoting exclusively from within the firm

14

nepotism

(from latin word for nephew) is the practice of showing favoritism to relatives and close friends

15

just cause

requires that reasons for discipline or discharge deal directly with job performance

16

due process

refers to the fairness of the procedures an organization uses to impose sanctions on employees

17

firing

is for-cause dismissal- the result of employee theft, gross insubordination, release of proprietary information, and so on

18

termination

results from an employee's poor performance- that is, from his or her failure to fulfill expectations

19

layoff

refers to the temporary unemployment experience by hourly employees and implies that they are "subject to recall"

20

position elimination

designates the permanent elimination of a job as a result of workforce reduction, plant closing, or departmental consolidation

21

7 factors about wages and salaries

1. law
2. prevailing wage in the industry
3. community wage level
4. nature of job itself
5. is the job secure? what are its prospects?
6. employer's financial capabilities
7. what other employees in the organization are earning

22

living wage

the amount of money a full time employee needs to afford the necessities of life, support a family, and live above the poverty line

23

National Labor Relations Act (also called the Wagner Act)

guarantees employees the right to organize and join unions and to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing

24

Taft-Hartley Act

amended the National Labor Relations Act. It outlaws closed shows and permits individual states to ban union shops

25

Open shop laws

prohibit union contracts requiring all employees on a job site to either join the union or pay the equivalent of union dues once hired

26

conditions of a justified strike

1. just cause
2. proper authorization
3. last resort

27

direct strike

cessation of work by employees with the same industrial grievance

28

sympathetic strike

when workers who have no particular grievance of their own decide to strike in support of others

29

primary boycott

occurs when union members and their supporters refuse to buy products from a company being struck

30

secondary boycott

occurs when people refuse to patronize companies that handle products of struck companies

31

corporate campaign

unions enlist the cooperation of a company's creditors to pressure the company to allow its employees to unionize or to comply with other union demands