Chapter 8, Addictions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8, Addictions Deck (24):
1

How many Canadians are estimated to have a gambling problem? 2006

Roughly 1.2 million Canadians have a gambling problem

2

addiction

they psychological and physiological need for legal/illegal drugs, alcohol, and/or gambling

3

drug

any substance that when taken into the body alters its functioning in some way, used therapeutically or recreationally

4

Licit drugs

Legal to manufacture, sell, posses and use

5

Illicit Drugs

socially defined as deviant, using them is criminal and a social problem

6

Drug abuse

Excessive/inappropriate use of a drug that results in some form of physical, mental, or social impairement

7

Drug addiction

dependency on a drug in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms and maintain a sense of well-being

8

Tolerance

when larger doses of a drug are required over time in order to achieve the same physiological effect originally achieved from a smaller dose

9

Withdrawal

physiological/psychological symptoms that regular drug users experience when they discontinue drug use

10

The 4 Long Term Drinking Patterns

1. Social Drinkers; drink at social occasions, range from occasionally to relatively frequently
2. Heavy Drinkers; frequent drinkers who usually drink more when they drink, more likely to become drunk
3. Acute Alcoholics; trouble controlling their use of alcohol, schedule their day around drinking
4. Chronic Alcoholics; lost control over their drinking and engage in compulsive behaviours

11

Alcohol Related Harms: Oneself

physical health, family and work functioning, friendships, legal problems etc

12

Alcohol Related Harms: Others

insulting/humiliating others, verbal abuse, fights, family/marriage problems, being assaulted

13

What are the health issues related to alcoholism?

nutritional deficiencies, diabetes, alcoholic dementia, heart problems, alcoholic cirrhosis

14

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

the range of disabilities/diagnoses that result from drinking alcohol during pregnancy

15

3000 babies born a year, 300,000 currently living with it

FASD

16

Alcohol related motor vehicle crashes

22% of all alcohol related deaths, 13 percent of alcohol related hospitalizations, $482.8 million dollars of direct costs for damage

17

How many people does one alcoholic affect, on average, on a daily basis?

4

18

Effects of Growing Up in Alcoholic Families on Children

higher than normal rates of hyperactivity, antisocial behaviour, low academic achievement, and cognitive impairment

19

What percent of nicotine from a cigarette ends up in the air?

75%

20

Third most widely used psychoactive drug after alcohol and weed

Cocaine

21

Effects of Crack on Newborns

powerful withdrawal symptoms, deficits on cognitive skills, behaviour controls, and judgement

22

Heroin use in Canada

1.1% of Canadians aged 15+

23

Size of Canadian Gambling Industry

$13 billion, employs 46K ppl (2007), 4.8 of Canadian gov't revenue (2005)

24

On average, what percent of their income does a severe gambler spend on gambling?

21% vs 2.2% (average gambler)