Chapter 8 - Athena Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Athena Deck (30):
1

How was Athena/ Minerva born?

- Zeus impregnates Metis (Wisdom)
- Kind of like Cronus eating his kids
- Athena born via head

2

Major characteristics of Athena

- born in armour
- she's manly
- very close to Zeus

3

Athena is the goddess of...

War/ Strategy
- Bronze Age Citadel
- Masculinity / virginity
- WISDOM

4

What is the significance in Athena's Roman name, Minerva?

Mens = mind in latin

5

True or false: Athenas name was likely derived from the city of athens

True

6

Pre hellenic goddess: Athena

- goddess of fresh water

7

What are Athena's epithet?

Tritogenia

Pallas

Parthenos

8

In the linear B tablets, what is Athena mentioned as?

- Protector of the city
- Acropolis = the high city

9

What does the word "Arete" mean?

Excellence/ "doing best"

10

Weaving was a symbol of...

Cunning and resourcefulness

11

Since Athena is the goddess of Wisdom, what does she represent as well?

Craftsmenship
and War

12

Craftsmanship and Athena: what is she credited for?

Building the trojan horse
- building Jason's ship, "argo"
- inventing the flute

13

War and Athena: What is she credited for?

She's the patron deity of many heroes (odysseus, perseus, heracles, orestes)
- represents strategy

14

what was the snake a symbol of on the coin?

symbol of autochthony (being born of earth)

15

Glaukopis definition

grey eyed/ owl eyed/ bright eyed/ keen eyed

16

Myth: Athena and Pallas

Best friends since birth
pallas = triton's daughter
- accidently kills her and then makes wooden statue of Pallas
- statue placed Palladium and plays important role in Fall of troy

17

Why is Parthenos an epithet of athena?

- Means virgin/ maiden
- Athena's temple is the PARTHENON by the acropolis

18

The east pediment of the parthenon depicts _______ and the west pediment depicts ________

East = birth of athena
west = battle for athens

19

Athena vs. Poseidon battled for what city?

Athens - they both wanted to be the patron of the city

20

Athena vs. poseidon: poseidon thrusted his trident into the ground and produced what?

The first SALT SPRING or the FIRST HORSE

21

Athena vs. poseidon: athena thrusted her spear into the ground and created what?

the first olive tree
- she won

22

West pediment on parthenon worships poseidon as...

Poseidon ERECHTHEUS

23

The Erechetuem in acropolis worships which deity?

Poseidon

24

Who are the caryatids

the maidens that carry the roof of the erechtheum

25

True or false: the tale of Athena vs. arachne is told in hesiod's theogeny

false: Ovid's metamorphoses

26

How can you tell that the tale of arachne vs. athena is from Ovid's metamorphoses?

She is referred to as minerva

27

What does "Hubris" mean?

Arrogance

28

Arachne's Hubris

thinks she's better than minerva at weaving

29

In the weaving challenge of Arachne and Athena, what two tapestries are made?

Athena makes one that depicts mortals challenging the gods
Arachne makes one that shows the gods in compromising positions

30

After arachne loses, what is she transformed into?

A spider.