Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Athena Deck (30):
How was Athena/ Minerva born?
- Zeus impregnates Metis (Wisdom)
- Kind of like Cronus eating his kids
- Athena born via head
Major characteristics of Athena
- born in armour
- she's manly
- very close to Zeus
Athena is the goddess of...
- Bronze Age Citadel
- Masculinity / virginity
What is the significance in Athena's Roman name, Minerva?
Mens = mind in latin
True or false: Athenas name was likely derived from the city of athens
Pre hellenic goddess: Athena
- goddess of fresh water
What are Athena's epithet?
In the linear B tablets, what is Athena mentioned as?
- Protector of the city
- Acropolis = the high city
What does the word "Arete" mean?
Excellence/ "doing best"
Weaving was a symbol of...
Cunning and resourcefulness
Since Athena is the goddess of Wisdom, what does she represent as well?
Craftsmanship and Athena: what is she credited for?
Building the trojan horse
- building Jason's ship, "argo"
- inventing the flute
War and Athena: What is she credited for?
She's the patron deity of many heroes (odysseus, perseus, heracles, orestes)
- represents strategy
what was the snake a symbol of on the coin?
symbol of autochthony (being born of earth)
grey eyed/ owl eyed/ bright eyed/ keen eyed
Myth: Athena and Pallas
Best friends since birth
pallas = triton's daughter
- accidently kills her and then makes wooden statue of Pallas
- statue placed Palladium and plays important role in Fall of troy
Why is Parthenos an epithet of athena?
- Means virgin/ maiden
- Athena's temple is the PARTHENON by the acropolis
The east pediment of the parthenon depicts _______ and the west pediment depicts ________
East = birth of athena
west = battle for athens
Athena vs. Poseidon battled for what city?
Athens - they both wanted to be the patron of the city
Athena vs. poseidon: poseidon thrusted his trident into the ground and produced what?
The first SALT SPRING or the FIRST HORSE
Athena vs. poseidon: athena thrusted her spear into the ground and created what?
the first olive tree
- she won
West pediment on parthenon worships poseidon as...
The Erechetuem in acropolis worships which deity?
Who are the caryatids
the maidens that carry the roof of the erechtheum
True or false: the tale of Athena vs. arachne is told in hesiod's theogeny
false: Ovid's metamorphoses
How can you tell that the tale of arachne vs. athena is from Ovid's metamorphoses?
She is referred to as minerva
What does "Hubris" mean?
thinks she's better than minerva at weaving
In the weaving challenge of Arachne and Athena, what two tapestries are made?
Athena makes one that depicts mortals challenging the gods
Arachne makes one that shows the gods in compromising positions