Chapter 8. Female Reproductive System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8. Female Reproductive System - Medical Terms Deck (156):
1

adnexa uteri

accessory parts of the uterus; fallopian tubes and ovaries

2

amenorrhea

absence of menstrual flow

3

amniocentesis

surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac

4

amnion

innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

5

amniotic fluid

fluid contained within the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus

6

anovulatory

not accompanied by ovulation (release of eggs from the ovary)

7

areola

dark, pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

8

Bartholin glands

two small mucus-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body

9

cephalic version

procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first

10

cervix

necklike, lower portion of the uterus

11

chorion

outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus; it forms the fetal part of the placenta

12

chorionic

pertaining to the chorion

13

clitoris

sensitive erectile tissue, outside the body in front of the opening of the female urethra

14

coitus

sexual intercourse

15

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina using an endoscope (colposcope)

16

corpus luteum

yellow glandular mass (corpus) formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum; it secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy

17

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen between the uterus and the rectum

18

culdocentesis

surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease

19

dysmenorrhea

painful, difficult menses (menstruation)

20

dyspareunia

painful sexual intercourse

21

dystocia

difficult childbirth

22

embryo

stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks

23

endocervicitis

inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, necklike portion of the uterus)

24

endometritis

inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (upper portion)

25

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

26

episiotomy

incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth

27

estrogen

ovarian hormone that promotes female secondary sex characteristics and sexual development

28

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes)

29

fertilization

union of the egg (ovum) and sperm cell

30

fetal presentation

manner in which the fetus enters the birth canal

31

fetus

stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks

32

fimbriae

finger or fringe-like ends of the fallopian tubes

33

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)

34

galactorrhea

excessive or abnormal secretion of milk after breast-feeding has ended

35

gamete

reproductive cell (ovum or sperm cell)

36

genetalia

reproductive organs (genitals)

37

gestation

nine-month period during which a fertilized egg cell develops into an infant; pregnancy

38

gonad

female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones

39

gynecology

study of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts

40

gynecomastia

female-like breast enlargement in a male

41

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

secreted by the placenta to sustain pregnancy

42

hymen

mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina

43

hysterectomy

removal of the uterus

44

hysteroscopy

visual examination (endoscopic) of the uterus

45

intrauterine device (IUD)

device inserted by a physician into the uterus to prevent pregnancy

46

involution

shrinking of the uterus (womb) to its normal size after childbirth

47

labia

lips of the vagina

48

lactation

production of milk

49

lactiferous ducts

tubes that carry milk throughout the breast

50

leukorrhea

white to yellow discharge from the vagina

51

luteinizing hormone (LH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation

52

mammary

pertaining to the breast

53

mammary papilla

nipple of the breast

54

mammoplasty

surgical repair of the breast (augmentation or reduction surgery)

55

mastectomy

removal (excision) of a breast

56

mastitis

inflammation of a breast

57

menarche

beginning of the first menstrual period

58

menometrorrhagia

excessive uterine bleeding during menstruation and also between menstrual periods

59

menopause

gradual ending of menstruation

60

metrorrhagia

bleeding between menstruations

61

multigravida

a woman who has been pregnant more than once

62

multipara

a woman who has delivered more than one viable infant

63

myomectomy

removal of muscle tumors (fibroids) from the uterus

64

myometrium

muscle layer of the uterus

65

neonatal

newborn

66

neonatology

study of newborns

67

nullipara

a woman who has never given birth to an infant

68

obstetrics

branch of medicine dealing with the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth

69

oligomenorrhea

scanty menstrual flow

70

oocyte

immature ovum

71

oogenesis

formation of ova (egg cells)

72

oophorectomy

removal of an ovary

73

orifice

an opening

74

ovarian

pertaining to an ovary

75

ovarian follicle

tiny sac in the ovary that contains an egg cell (ovum)

76

ovary

one of two female reproductive organs (gonads) that produce egg cells and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone)

77

ovulation

release of an egg cell from an ovary

78

ovum, ova

egg cell; plural is ova

79

oxytocia

rapid labor and childbirth

80

oxytocin

secretion of the pituitary glad causing contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulation of milk secretion from the breast

81

parturition

act of giving birth

82

perineorrhaphy

suture of the perineum (following an episiotomy)

83

perineum

area between the anus and vagina in females and the area between the anus and scrotal sac in males

84

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain

85

placenta

vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy

86

pregnancy

condition of having a developing embryo and fetus in the body for about 40 weeks; gestation

87

prenatal

pertaining to before birth

88

primigravida

a woman during her first pregnancy

89

primipara

a woman who has given birth to her first child

90

primiparous

pertaining to a woman who has given birth to her first child

91

progesterone

hormone secreted by the ovaries; maintains the lining of the uterus during pregnancy

92

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

93

puberty

period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the ability to reproduce begins

94

pyosalpinx

pus in a fallopian tube

95

retroversion

tipping backward of an organ or a part of the body; as in the uterus

96

salpingectomy

removal of a fallopian tube

97

uterine serosa

outermost layer surrounding the uterus

98

uterus

hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop; womb

99

vagina

muscular, mucosal tube extending from the uterus (cervix) to the exterior of the body

100

vaginal orifice

opening of the vagina to the exterior of the body

101

vaginitis

inflammation of the vagina

102

vulva

external female genitalia; labia, clitoris and vaginal orifice

103

vulvovaginitis

inflammation of the vulva and vagina

104

zygote

stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation to 2 weeks

105

abortion

premature ending of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is able to exist on its own

106

abruptio placentae

premature detachment of the placenta from its place in the uterine wall

107

Apgar score

system of scoring an infant's physical condition at 1 and 5 minutes after birth

108

aspiration

withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction

109

carcinoma in situ

cancerous tumor that is localized and has not spread either to nearby tissue or through the lymphatic system or bloodstream

110

carcinoma of the breast

malignant tumor of breast tissue; breast cancer

111

carcinoma of the cervix

malignant cells within the cervix (lower portion of the uterus)

112

carcinoma of the endometrium

malignant tumor of the uterus (endometrium)

113

cauterization

destruction of tissue by burning

114

cervical dysplasia

abnormal cells in the cervix (lower, neck-like region of the uterus)

115

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

116

cesarean section

surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus

117

chriocarcinoma

malignant tumor of the placenta

118

chorionic villus sampling

sampling of placental tissues (chorionic villi) for prenatal diagnosis)

119

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and uterine cervix using an optical magnifying instrument called a colposcopy

120

conization

removal of a cone-shaped section of the cervix

121

cryocauterization

use of freezing cold temperature to burn and destroy tissue

122

culdocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac

123

cystadenocarcinoma

malignant tumor containing fluid-filled sacs and glandular tissue; commonly occurring in the ovaries

124

cystadenoma

benign tumor of cystic and glandular components, commonly found in the ovaries

125

dermoid cysts

ovarian cysts lined with a variety of cell types (cell, skin, teeth)

126

dilatation

widening and enlargement of a hollow organ

127

dilation and curettage

widening (dilation) of the cervix and scraping the endometrial lining of the uterus

128

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than in the uterus

129

endometriosis

endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus

130

erythroblastosis fetalis

hemolytic disease of the newborn caused by a blood group incompatibility (Rh factor) between the mother and fetus

131

exenteneration

removal of internal organs; pelvic exenteration is removal of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and sections of the intestines

132

fetal monitoring

continuous recording of fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during labor

133

fibrocystic disease

presence of small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast

134

fibroids

benign tumors of fibrous muscular tissue in the uterus; leiomyomas

135

hyaline membrane disease

acute lung disease in premature infants; respiratory distress disease syndrome of the newborn

136

hydrocephalus

accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain; in infants, the condition causes enlargement of the head

137

hysterosalpingography

x-ray recording of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material

138

in vitro fertilization

egg an sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization; fertilized ova are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix

139

laparoscopy

visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope

140

leiomyomas

benign tumors of the uterus; fibroids

141

lumen

cavity or channel with a tube or tubular organ, as a blood vessel, vagina, or fallopian tube

142

mammography

x-ray record of the breast

143

meconium aspiration syndrome

abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stools) by a fetus or newborn

144

multiple gestation

more than one fetus inside the uterus

145

ovarian carcinoma

malignant tumor of the ovary; ovarian adenocarcinoma

146

ovarian cyst

sacs of fluid within or on the ovaries

147

palpation

process of examining by using hands or fingers on the outside of the body

148

pap smear

microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix

149

pelvic inflammatory disease

inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; including salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, and endocervicitis

150

pelvic ultrasonography

recording images of sound waves as they bounce off the organs in the pelvic region

151

pelvimetry

measurement of the female pelvis

152

placenta previa

placental implantation over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterine wall

153

preeclampsia

abnormal condition of pregnancy marked by high blood pressure, proteinura, and edema

154

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum in a newborn

155

respiratory distress syndrome

abnormal condition in infants when a protein (surfactant) is missing in the lung tissues; infants have difficult respiratory function; hyaline membrane disease

156

tubal ligation

tying off of the fallopian tubes to make a woman incapable of reproduction; sterilization of a female