Chapter 8. Female Reproductive System - Medical Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8. Female Reproductive System - Medical Terms Deck (156)
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1

adnexa uteri

accessory parts of the uterus; fallopian tubes and ovaries

2

amenorrhea

absence of menstrual flow

3

amniocentesis

surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac

4

amnion

innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

5

amniotic fluid

fluid contained within the amniotic sac surrounding the fetus

6

anovulatory

not accompanied by ovulation (release of eggs from the ovary)

7

areola

dark, pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

8

Bartholin glands

two small mucus-secreting glands near the opening of the vagina to the outside of the body

9

cephalic version

procedure for turning the fetus so that its head is the presenting part to enter the birth canal first

10

cervix

necklike, lower portion of the uterus

11

chorion

outermost membrane surrounding the developing fetus; it forms the fetal part of the placenta

12

chorionic

pertaining to the chorion

13

clitoris

sensitive erectile tissue, outside the body in front of the opening of the female urethra

14

coitus

sexual intercourse

15

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina using an endoscope (colposcope)

16

corpus luteum

yellow glandular mass (corpus) formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum; it secretes progesterone to maintain pregnancy

17

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen between the uterus and the rectum

18

culdocentesis

surgical (needle) puncture of the cul-de-sac to remove fluid for analysis and diagnosis of disease

19

dysmenorrhea

painful, difficult menses (menstruation)

20

dyspareunia

painful sexual intercourse

21

dystocia

difficult childbirth

22

embryo

stage in prenatal development from two to six weeks

23

endocervicitis

inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix (lower, necklike portion of the uterus)

24

endometritis

inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (upper portion)

25

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

26

episiotomy

incision of the vulva (perineum) to widen the opening of the vagina during a difficult childbirth

27

estrogen

ovarian hormone that promotes female secondary sex characteristics and sexual development

28

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus (oviducts or uterine tubes)

29

fertilization

union of the egg (ovum) and sperm cell

30

fetal presentation

manner in which the fetus enters the birth canal