Chapter 8 - Have a Heart Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Have a Heart Deck (68):
1

Radiographic study of the blood vessels and heart using contrast material

Angiocardiography

2

Radiographic study of the blood vessels following injection of radiopaque material

Angiography

3

Film produced from a radiographic procedure using an injection of radiopaque material to study blood vessels

Angiogram

4

Radiographic study in which a catheter is passed into a blood vessel and is guided into the heart to detect pressures and patterns of blood flow

Cardiac catheterization

5

Process of evaluating the heart structures using sound waves

Echocardiography

6

Process of recording the electrical activity of the heart

Electrocardiography

7

Record of the electrical activity of the heart

Electrocardiogram (abbrev. ECG or EKG)

8

Machine that records the electrical activity of the heart

Electrocardiograph

9

Procedure of imaging objects by exposing sensitized film to X-rays

Radiography

10

Film resulting from imaging procedure of exposing sensitized film to X-rays

Radiograph or X-ray

11

Constricting band applied to a limb to control bleeding or to assist in drawing blood

Tourniquet

12

Localized balloonlike enlargement of an artery

Aneurysm

13

Disease of vessels

Angiopathy

14

Inability of the aortic valve to perform at the proper levels, which results in blood flowing back into the left ventricle from the aorta

Aortic insufficiency

15

Hardening and narrowing of the arteries

Atherosclerosis

16

Compression of the heart due to fluid or blood collection in the pericardial sac

Cardiac tamponade

17

Heart enlargement

Cardiomegaly

18

Disease of the heart muscle

Cardiomyopathy

19

Disease of the heart muscle with excessive growth of the left ventricle

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

20

Disease of the heart muscle characterized by a thin-walled left ventricle

Dilated cardiomyopathy

21

Inflammation of the heart

Carditis

22

Syndrome that reflects insufficient cardiac output to meet the body's needs

Congestive heart failure (abbrev. CHF)

23

Accumulation of fluid

Congestion

24

Accumulation of fluid in the intercellular spaces, may be seen with CHF

Edema

25

Fluid accumulation in the peritoneal cavity seen in dogs secondary to CHF and other diseases

Ascites

26

Abnormal fluid accumulation between the layers of the membrane encasing the lungs and is seen in cats secondary to CHF

Pleural effusion

27

Substances that increase urine excretion

Diuretics

28

Heartworm infection

Dirofilariosis

29

Tiny larvae produced by mature heartworms

Microfilariae

30

Substance that kills mature or adult heartworms

Adulticide

31

Foreign object (e.g. a clot, air, or tissue) that is circulating in blood

Embolus

32

Blockage of a vessel by a foreign object

Embolism

33

Inflammation of the endocardium and sometimes the heart valves

Endocarditis

34

Interference with the electrical conduction of the heart

Heart block
(may be partial or complete and is graded in degrees based on the characteristics of the block)

35

Benign tumor comprised of newly formed blood vessels

Hemangioma

36

Collection of blood

Hematoma

37

Above-normal levels of carbon dioxide

Hypercapnia

38

Reduced levels of oxygen

Hypoxia

39

Below-normal levels of carbon dioxide

Hypocapnia

40

Localized area of necrosis caused by an interrupted blood supply

Infarct

41

Deficiency in blood supply

Ischemia

42

Inability of the left atrioventricular valve to perform at the proper level

Mitral valve insufficiency
(may be caused by fibrosis, endocarditis, or other conditions that occur in the mitral valve area)

43

Inflammation of the myocardium

Myocarditis

44

Blockage in a vessel or passageway in the body

Occlusion

45

Persistence of the fetal communication between the left pulmonary artery and aorta that should close shortly after birth

Patent ductus arteriosus (abbrev. PDA)
(A PDA may cause overloading of the left ventricle, which may lead to left ventricular failure. A continuous heart murmur and enlarged heart are signs of a PDA)

46

Inflammation of the pericardium

Pericarditis

47

Narrowing of the opening and valvular area between the pulmonary artery and right ventricle

Pulmonic stenosis

48

Backflow; also used to describe backflow of blood caused by imperfect closure of heart valves

Regurgitation

49

Inadequate tissue perfusion

Shock

50

Restoration of life by addressing only the cardiac and respiratory systems

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (abbrev. CPR)

51

Congenital cyanotic cardiac condition that classically has four anatomical defects in the heart: pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, overriding aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy

Tetralogy of Fallot

52

Blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery

Thrombus

53

Abnormal condition in which a blood clot develops in a blood vessel

Thrombosis

54

Substances that prevent blood clotting

Anticoagulants

55

Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel

Vasculitis

56

Opening in the wall dividing the right and left ventricles that may allow blood to shunt form the right ventricle to the left ventricle without becoming oxygenated

Ventricular septal defect

57

Bypass or divert

Shunt

58

Surgical repair of blood or lymph vessels

Angioplasty

59

Procedure done through the opening of a vessel

Transluminal

60

Procedure done through the skin

Percutaneous

61

Suture of a vessel

Angiorrhaphy

62

Surgical removal of part of a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart

Arteriectomy

63

Tension exerted by blood in the cranial vena cava

Central venous pressure (abbrev. CVP)

64

Use of electrical shock to restore the normal heart rythm

Defibrillation

65

Control or stoppage of bleeding

Hemostasis

66

Small expander implanted in a blood vessel to prevent it from collapsing
OR
A device to hold tissue in place or to provide support for a graft

Stent

67

Introduction of whole blood or blood components into the bloodstream of the recipient

Transfusion

68

Surgical incision into a valve or membranous flap

Valvotomy