Flashcards in Chapter 8 Memory Deck (23):
Is learning that persists over time. Information that has been acquired and stored and can be retrieved.
Recall (1 of 3)
Measures of retention
RETRIEVING info that is not CURRENTLY in your conscious awareness, but that was learned at an earlier time.
Identifying items previously learned.
A measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material again.
This is how the information gets in to our brain.
Process that retains info into our brain.
Process of getting info out of memory storage
Processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously.
Immediate, very brief recording of sensory info in the memory system.
Short Term Memory
Activated memory that holds a few items briefly. (Such as seven digits of a phone number, but forgetting it right after.)
Long Term Memory
Relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. (Knowledge, skills, and experience.)
Newer understanding of short-term memory that adds conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial info, and of info retrieved from long term memory.
Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously declare.
Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
Unconscious encoding of incidental info, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned info, such as word meanings.
Retention of learned skills or classically conditioned associations independent of conscious recollection.
A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli. (Photographic or picture-image lasting no more then a few seconds.)
If attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3-4 seconds
Organizing items into familiar, manageable units, often occurs automatically.
Memory aids, those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices.
The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice.
Encoding on a basic level based on the structure or appearance of the words.