Chapter 8 - Relationships and Communication Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Relationships and Communication Deck (21):
1

Social-Exchange Theory

The view that the development of a relationship reflects the unfolding of social exchanges- that is, the rewards and costs of maintaining the relationship as opposed to ending it.

2

ABCDE Model

The view that romantic relationships encompass five stages or phases: attraction, building, continuation, deterioration, and ending.

3

Small Talk

A superficial kind of conversation that allows exchange of information but stresses breadth of topic coverage, rather than in-depth discussion.

4

Self-Disclosure

The revelation of personal, perhaps intimate, information.

5

Surface Contact

A probing phase of building a relationship in which people seek common ground and check out feelings of attraction.

6

Mutuality

A phase in building a relationship in which members of a couple come to regard themselves as "we," no longer as two "I's" who happen to be in the same place at the same time.

7

Intimacy

Feelings of closeness and connectedness that are marked by sharing of innermost thoughts and feelings.

8

Mutual Cyclical Growth

The view that the need for one's partner promotes commitment; commitment promotes acts that enhance the relationship; and these acts build trust, increasing one's partner's commitment to the relationship.

9

Stalking

Following or observing a person persistently, especially because of obsession with the person. Stalking can occur online as well as in person, as when a person breaks into someone else's email.

10

Loneliness

Painful isolation.

11

Solitude

Characterized by self-discovery, inner peace, reflection, and spirituality.

12

Sexual satisfaction for lesbians is connected with
(a) their sexual orientation.
(b) their relationship.
(c) social stigmatization
(d) issues in the work place.

(b) their relationship.

13

Evolutionary theory predicts that _____ will be most jealous about their partners' infidelity.
(a) heterosexual males
(b) heterosexual females
(c) gay males
(d) lesbians

(a) heterosexual males

14

About ____% of couples today meet their partners through an online dating service.
(a) 1-5
(b) 5-10
(c) 10-20
(d) 20-25

(d) 20-25

15

Which of the following is not part of an intimate relationship?
(a) narcissism
(b) trust
(c) caring
(d) honesty

(a) narcissism

16

"Small talk"
(a) is a phony way to begin a relationship.
(b) is an in-depth discussion of issues.
(c) promotes premature self-disclosure.
(d) stresses breadth of topic coverage.

(d) stresses breadth of topic coverage.

17

It is not true that
(a) good relationships require no work.
(b) jealousy harms a relationship.
(c) partners need to work to keep relationships strong.
(d) communication skills are important to relationships.

(a) good relationships require no work.

18

Which statement is accurate?
(a) People need to be sexually intimate to have an emotionally intimate relationship.
(b) People need not to be sexually intimate to have an emotionally intimate relationship.
(c) Love is necessary for intimacy.
(d) Intimacy requires total honesty.

(b) People need not to be sexually intimate to have an emotionally intimate relationship.

19

According to the text, ____ are most reluctant to make commitments in relationships.
(a) men
(b) heterosexual women
(c) lesbians
(d) transgendered individuals

(a) men

20

Kurdek finds that LGB couples tend to differ from heterosexual couples in that they
(a) distribute household chores more evenly.
(b) avoid conflict at all costs.
(c) do not consider sexual activity per se to be an important aspect of their relationship.
(d) believe that love conquers all and that it is not necessary to work on relationships.

(a) distribute household chores more evenly.

21

Which of the following is accurate about self-disclosure?
(a) Females tend to set higher privacy settings than males do on Facebook.
(b) Men are more likely to self-disclose than are women.
(c) Couples should disclose their sexual histories to promote intimacy.
(d) Self-disclosure is the same online and offline.

(a) Females tend to set higher privacy settings than males do on Facebook.