Chapter 8 - Skin Disorders & Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Skin Disorders & Diseases Deck (30):
1

It is recommended that you wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least _____ on a daily basis
A. 5
B. 8
C. 15
D. 30

C. 15

2

A ________ is an abnormal rounded solid lump larger than a papule and located above, within, or under the skin.
A. Tubercle
B. Mole
C. Macula
D. Bulla

A. Tubercle

3

Which of these terms refers to thin dry or oily plates of epidermal flakes?
A. Fissure
B. Crust
C. Pustules
D. Scales

D. Scales

4

Keratin-filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis and have no visible openings are:
A. Milia
B. Ulcers
C. Crust
D. Pustules

A. Milia

5

An open comedo is commonly known as a:
A. Mole
B. Birthmark
C. Blackhead
D. Whitehead

C. Blackhead

6

Which of these is an uncomfortable, and often chronic, disease of the skin, characterized by inflammation, scaling, and sometimes severe itching?
A. Exzcema
B. Acne
C. Psoriasis
D. Herpes simplex

A. Exzcema

7

A __________ is an abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape.
A. Mole
B. Stain
C. Chloasma
D. Lentigo

B. Stain

8

The absence of melanin pigment from the body and skin sensitivity to light are signs of:
A. Nevus
B. Lentignes
C. Asteatosis
D. Albinism

D. Albinism

9

What is the most dangerous type of skin cancer, often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised?
A. Basal cell carcinoma
B. Malignant melanoma
C. Squamous cell melanoma
D. Verruca cell

B. Malignant melanoma

10

A cosmetologist must not serve a client who is suffering from an inflamed skin disorder, regardless of whether it is infectious, unless the client:
A. Needs a facial quickly for an important event such as a wedding
B. Declares that s/he is practicing doctor prescribed home care
C. Has a physicians note permitting the client to receive services
D. Signs a waiver clearing the cosmetologist and the salon of liability

C. Has a physicians note permitting the client to receive services

11

A skin condition caused by inflammation of the sebaceous glands is:
A. Contact dermatitis
B. Irritant contact dermatitis
C. Allergic contact dermatitis
D. Seborrheic dermatitis

D. Seborrheic dermatitis

12

The term ________ refers to an abnormal coloration that accompanies a skin disorder or systemic disorder.
A. Anhidrosis
B. Bromhidrosis
C. Dyschromia
D. Conjunctivitis

C. Dyschromia

13

A(n) _________ is a type of keratoma.
A. Callus
B. Keloid
C. Lesion
D. Excoriation

A. Callus

14

Acne is a skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the _________ gland.
A. Sudoriferous
B. Sebaceous
C. Sweat
D. Adrenaline

B. Sebaceous

15

Acne is affected by both genetic and _________ factors.
A. Anaerobic
B. Malignant
C. Noncomedogenic
D. Hormonal

D. Hormonal

16

Noncomedogenic products are specifically designed not to clog the:
A. Bullas
B. Dyschromias
C. Follicles
D. Free radicals

C. Follicles

17

People have __________ over the extrinsic factors that affect aging, but not the intrinsic factors.
A. No control
B. Very little control
C. Considerable control
D. Total control

C. Considerable control

18

The best defense against pollutants is to:
A. Wear sunscreen whenever you're outside
B. Avoid touching you face with your hands
C. Follow a good daily skin care routine
D. Wear long-sleeved clothing when you are outdoors

C. Follow a good daily skin care routine

19

Irritant contact dermatitis occurs when irritating substances temporarily damage the:
A. Dermis
B. Epidermis
C. Papillary layer
D. Hair follicles

B. Epidermis

20

A pustule is a raised, inflamed pimple containing ________ in the top of the lesion.
A. Water
B. Blood
C. Lymph
D. Pus

D. Pus

21

A _________ is a large, protruding, pocket-like lesion filled with sebum.
A. Closed comedo
B. Sebaceous cyst
C. Bulla
D. Milaria rubra

B. Sebaceous cyst

22

Any flat spot or discoloration on the skin left after a pimple has healed is a:
A. Macule
B. Leukoderma
C. Milia
D. Scale

A. Macule

23

Foul-smelling perspiration caused by bacteria is:
A. Hyperhidrosis
B. Miliaria rubra
C. Anhidrosis
D. Bromhidrosis

D. Bromhidrosis

24

A(n) __________ is a slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed.
A. Mole
B. Scar
C. Scale
D. Stain

B. Scar

25

The contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions is:
A. Impetigo
B. Conjunctivitis
C. Eczema
D. Herpes simplex

A. Impetigo

26

A _________ is an itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours.
A. Wheal
B. Vesicle
C. Verruca
D. Tubercle

A. Wheal

27

A(n) _________ is a crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis.
A. Ulcer
B. Fissure
C. Excoriation
D. Crust

B. Fissure

28

A small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis is a:
A. Tubercle
B. Tumor
C. Vesicle
D. Wheal

C. Vesicle

29

The acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning itching skin is:
A. Hyperdrosis
B. Miliaria rubra
C. Anhidrosis
D. Bromhidrosis

B. Miliaria rubra

30

Approximately __________ percent of skin aging is caused by the rays of the sun.
A. 50-55%
B. 60-65%
C. 70-75%
D. 80-85%

D. 80-85%