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Identify and discuss the three main phases in the history of child welfare?

Pre-Industrial Child Welfare --Pre-1890, A New Era in Child WElfare Legislation --1890 to 1940, Modern Child Welfare Policy--1940 to Present


What is the extent of child abuse today in Canada?

The incidence of child maltreatment is estimated ot be 1 in 5 children. 33 % of sex offenders experienced some form of sexual trauma as children (cycle). (look on page 152 for rest)


What are some of the issues that trouble youth who are in care?

Addictions or substance abuse, partner assault, eating disorders


What are steps to be followed in providing child welfare services?

(1) Initial Response to Reports of Abuse and Neglect (2) Investigation (3) Verification (4)Assessment Report and Service Plan (5) Case Management


In-home services

are provided to help a household or family members live together harmoniously in a secure and safe environment. The main categories include:

* family counselling services, parenting supports, in-home child care, homemaker services, and family educational services.


out-of-home services

are implemented when the home situation become unsuitable for the child. These services include: Foster care, adoption, daycare entries, community supports (i.e. the Community Action Program for Child and Aboriginal Head Start), group homes, institutional care, parenting self-help and empowerment groups, and family housing assistance.


The ontario proclamation of Bill 210 in 2006 (pg. 143)

amended the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to provide more flexible services and responses, to reduce court delays and encourage alternatives to court, and to provide a broader range of care options for children and youth that support long-term and permanent homes. Services such as : Differential response, Alternative dispute resolution, kinship service, and kinship care.


Differential Response (DR) (pg. 143)

Enables a new flexible intake and assessment model that assess eligibility for serve, safety, and risk, while allowing for greater engagement with families.


Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

intends to streamline court processes and uses alternatives to court.


Kinship Service

Child and Family Services in Ontario will also emphasize two options for care with placement with kin: kinship services is for children who are not in care


Kinship Care

Child and Family Services in Ontario will also emphasize two options for care with placement with kin: kinship care refers to children in care.


Best Interest Approach

The best interests approach emphasizes the protection and well-being of the child


Least restrictive approach

The least restrictive approach emphasizes the course of action that will cause the least change for the child, leaving him or her with the family if at all possible.


Child abuse

Child abuse entails the betrayal of a caregiver's position of trust and authority over the child. Child abuse can take many forms: Neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse. (statistics on child abuse are on pg. 152- The Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies)


Risk Assessment

Risk assessment i used to estimate the likelihood that a child will be maltreated, based on a careful examination of pertinent data, so that action can be taken to prevent it.


Duty to Report

Every member of society has a responsibility to report child abuse or neglect when there are reasonable groups for believing a child may be in need of protection. People in professions that bring them into contact with children have a particular responsibility to ensure that you people are safe. In the course of their duties, they have a professional duty to report.


Early Childhood Education (pg. 161)

There is wide consensus that high quality early childhood education and care, together with supportive policies and programmes for working families, are hugely important for all aspects of children's development. ECEC also brings major social and economy benefits for individuals , families, and society, reducing the workload on social workers and other care-giving professions.

However, Canada is lagging in this. (we suck)


Universal Child Care Program

100$/month payment to parents of all children aged 0-6, began.


Compassion Fatigue

The term compassion fatigue refers to the anxiety result from dealing with emotionally difficult cases under increased workplace pressure and increased workloads. This type of stress occurs among social workers and other who are faced with increasing responsibility and less and less control over how the work is to be completed.


Child welfare is highly regulated through laws and regulations and involves five key activites

Family support, Child protection, child placement, adoption, foster care


Family Support

Providing a range of family programs and services in order to maintain healthy families, support families at risk, and protect children


Child protection

protecting children at risk by removing them from their families and finding substitute care


child placement

finding temporary substitute care, such as foster and group homes, for children who cannot continue to live with their parent(s)or guardian(s)


Foster care

recruiting foster care providers, providing training and support , as well as monitoring foster homes.