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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (24):
0

branch of medical science concerned with the prevention or correction of disorders of the musculoskeletal system

Orthopedics

1

wasting away of muscles

Muscular Atrophy

2

increase in muscle fiber diameter owing to the production of more myofibrils, mitochondria, SR, etc

Muscular hypertrophy

3

resulting stiffness of the muscles after death

Rigor mortis

4

painful inflammation of the tendons, tendon sheaths, and synovial membranes of joints

Tendinitis

5

most common cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction in athletes

Impingement syndrome

6

a disease or disorder of the skeletal muscle tissue itself

Myopathy

7

autoimmune disease that cause chronic, progressive damage of the neuromuscular junction

Myasthenia gravis

8

a group of inherited muscle-destroying diseases that cause progressive degeneration of skeletal muscle fibers

Muscular dystrophy

9

a painful, no articular rheumatic disorder that usually appears between the ages of 25 and 50

Fibromyalgia

10

a sudden involuntary contraction of a single muscle in a large group of muscles

Spasm

11

a painful spasmodic contraction

Cramp

12

a spasmodic twitching made involuntarily by muscles that are ordinarily under voluntary control

Tic

13

a rhythmic, involuntary, purposeless contraction that produces a quivering or shaking movement

Tremor

14

an involuntary, brief twitch of an entire motor unit that is visible need the skin

Fasciculation

15

a spontaneous contraction of a single muscle fiber that is not visible under the skin but can be recorded by electromyography

Fibrillation

16

the recording and study of electrical changes that occur in muscular tissues

Electromyography

17

increased muscle tone, characterized by increased muscle stiffness

Hypertonia

18

decreased or lost muscle tone

Hypotonia

19

pain in or associated with muscles

Myalgia

20

a tumor consisting of muscular tissue path

Myoma

21

pathological softening of muscle tissue

Myomalacia

22

inflammation of muscle fibers (cells)

Myositis

23

increased muscular excitability and contractility with decreased power of relaxation; tonic spasm of the muscle

Myotonia