Chapter 8 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (18):
1

organized pattern of social class in society

class system

2

the argument that poverty is a way of life and, like other cultures, is passed on from generation to generation

culture of poverty

3

contemporary transformations in the basic structure of work that are permanently altering the workplace, including the changing composition of the workplace, deindustrialization, the use of enhanced technology, and the development of a global economy

economic restructuring

4

the total years of formal education

educational attainment

5

the process whereby a growing proportion of the poor are women and children

feminization of poverty

6

the amount of money brought into a household from various sources during a given year (wages, investment income, dividends, etc...)

income

7

the opportunities that people have in common by virtue of belonging to particular groups can expect to live

life chances

8

the midpoint in a series of values that are arranged in numerical order

median income

9

a system in which one's status is based on merit or accomplishments

meritocracy

10

the subjective evaluation people give to jobs as better or worse than others

occupational prestige

11

the figure established by the government to indicate the amount of money needed to support the basic needs of a household

poverty line

12

the value with which different groups or people are judged

prestige

13

the social structural hierarchical position groups hold relative to the economic, social, political and cultural resources of society

social class

14

a persons movement over time from one class to another

social mobility

15

relatively fixed hierarchical arrangement in society by which groups have different access to resources, power, and perceived social worth; a system of structured social inequality

social stratification

16

a measure of class standing, typically indicated by income, occupational prestige and educational attainment

socioeconomic status

17

the process by which people end up in a given position in the stratification system

status attainment

18

the monetary value of everything one actually owns

wealth