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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (14):
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Consciousness

Awareness of external stimuli and one's own mental activity.

1

Conscious level

The level at which mental activities that people are normally aware of occur.

2

Non-conscious level

A level of mental activity that is inaccessible to conscious awareness.

3

Preconscious level

A level of mental activity that is not currently conscious, but of which can easily become conscious.

4

Unconcsious

A level of mental activity that influences consciousness, but is not conscious.

5

Slow-wave sleep

Sleep stages 1-4; slow, deep breathing, regular breathing, and reduced blood pressure.

6

REM sleep

A stage of sleep in which brain activity and other functions resemble waking state, but is accompanied by rapid eye movements and virtual muscle paralysis.

7

Hypnosis

A phenomenon brought on by special induction techniques and characterized by varying degrees of responsiveness to suggestions for changes in experience and behavior.

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State theory

A theory that hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness.

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Role theory

A theory that hypnotized people act in accordance with a social role that provides a reason to follow the hypnotist's suggestions.

10

Dissociation theory

A theory defining hypnosis as a socially agreed upon opportunity to display one's ability to let mental functions become dissociated.

11

Psychoactive drugs

Substances that act on the brain to create some psychological effect. (Psychopharmacology)

12

Blood-brain barrier

A feature of blood vessels in the brain that allows only certain substances to leave the blood and interact with the brain tissue.

13

Agonists

Drugs that mimic the effects of the neurotransmitter that normally binds to a neural receptor.