Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (33):
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1. Democracy in America

a study (1835) by Alexis de Tocqueville of American political institutions.

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2. King 'Mob"

refers to the allowance of all types of people into the White house for Jackson's inaugural ball

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3. Dorr Rebellion

a failed attempt to force broader democracy on the U.S. state of Rhode Island

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4. Jacksonian Democracy

the political movement toward greater democracy for the common man by Andrew Jackson and his supporters.

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5. Spoils System

the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters

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6. Calhoun's theory of nullification

Calhoun argued that the South should not have to pay taxes that hurt their economy

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7. Martin Van Buren

the eighth president of the United States and the vice president of Andrew Jackson

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8. Peggy Eaton Affair

a scandal in Jackson's cabinet when Peggy Eaton married her husband and Calhoun's wife refused to acknowledge her

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9. Webster-Hayne Debate

Senator Daniel Webster and Senator Robert Y. Hayne on the topic of protectionist tariffs.

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10. Nullification Crisis

during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification.

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11. Black Hawk War

a conflict between the United States and the Sauk Native Americans

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12. Removal Act

issued by Georgia, Alabama, Florida , and Mississippi to remove the Native Americans

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13. Trail of Tears

thousands of Natives were forced to walk in the middle of winter to Oklahoma

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14. Seminole War

the Seminole Indians refused to leave their lands in Florida so the US was all like lets battle then

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15. Second Bank of the United States

took the place of the First Bank of the United State when its charter expired

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16. Nicholas Biddle

a strong supporter of the Bank of the United State who gave out loans to people who would support him

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17. soft-money

money that is like credit or loans

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18. hard-money

money that is made of gold and silver

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19. Roger B. Taney

the Supreme Court Justice who became the Head Justice after Marshall

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20. Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge

charter to the proprietors of Warren Bridge after granting a similar charter to the Charles River Bridge Company did not constitute a violation of the Contract Clause

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21. King Andrew I

the Whigs believed the Andrew Jackson had taken more power than her was allowed to

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22. Whig Party

a political party that was strongly against Jackson and believed in self-improvement

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23. Locofocos

were a faction of the Democratic Party that existed from 1835 until the mid-1840s.

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24. Anti-Masons

19th century minor political party in the United States. It strongly opposed Freemasonry

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25. American System

policy of promoting industry in the U.S. by adoption of a high protective tariff

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26. Distribution Act

sent the government's excess tax revenue back to the states on an equalized basis. Henry Clay

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27. Panic of 1837

was a financial crisis in the United States that touched off a major recession that lasted until the mid-1840s.

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28. "log cabins and hard cider"

used to make William Henry Harrison look like Andrew Jackson as a man of the people

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29. penny press

newspapers were cheap, tabloid-style papers produced in the United States starting in the 1830s

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30. John Tyler

took over as President after William Henry Harrison's death

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31. The Caroline Affair

a series of events beginning in 1837 that strained relations between the United States and Britain.

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32. Webster-Ashburton Treaty

treaty resolving several border issues between the United States and the British

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33. Treaty of Wang Hya

a trade treaty made between the United States and China in 1844