Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (33):
1. Democracy in America
a study (1835) by Alexis de Tocqueville of American political institutions.
2. King 'Mob"
refers to the allowance of all types of people into the White house for Jackson's inaugural ball
3. Dorr Rebellion
a failed attempt to force broader democracy on the U.S. state of Rhode Island
4. Jacksonian Democracy
the political movement toward greater democracy for the common man by Andrew Jackson and his supporters.
5. Spoils System
the practice of a successful political party giving public office to its supporters
6. Calhoun's theory of nullification
Calhoun argued that the South should not have to pay taxes that hurt their economy
7. Martin Van Buren
the eighth president of the United States and the vice president of Andrew Jackson
8. Peggy Eaton Affair
a scandal in Jackson's cabinet when Peggy Eaton married her husband and Calhoun's wife refused to acknowledge her
9. Webster-Hayne Debate
Senator Daniel Webster and Senator Robert Y. Hayne on the topic of protectionist tariffs.
10. Nullification Crisis
during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification.
11. Black Hawk War
a conflict between the United States and the Sauk Native Americans
12. Removal Act
issued by Georgia, Alabama, Florida , and Mississippi to remove the Native Americans
13. Trail of Tears
thousands of Natives were forced to walk in the middle of winter to Oklahoma
14. Seminole War
the Seminole Indians refused to leave their lands in Florida so the US was all like lets battle then
15. Second Bank of the United States
took the place of the First Bank of the United State when its charter expired
16. Nicholas Biddle
a strong supporter of the Bank of the United State who gave out loans to people who would support him
money that is like credit or loans
money that is made of gold and silver
19. Roger B. Taney
the Supreme Court Justice who became the Head Justice after Marshall
20. Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge
charter to the proprietors of Warren Bridge after granting a similar charter to the Charles River Bridge Company did not constitute a violation of the Contract Clause
21. King Andrew I
the Whigs believed the Andrew Jackson had taken more power than her was allowed to
22. Whig Party
a political party that was strongly against Jackson and believed in self-improvement
were a faction of the Democratic Party that existed from 1835 until the mid-1840s.
19th century minor political party in the United States. It strongly opposed Freemasonry
25. American System
policy of promoting industry in the U.S. by adoption of a high protective tariff
26. Distribution Act
sent the government's excess tax revenue back to the states on an equalized basis. Henry Clay
27. Panic of 1837
was a financial crisis in the United States that touched off a major recession that lasted until the mid-1840s.
28. "log cabins and hard cider"
used to make William Henry Harrison look like Andrew Jackson as a man of the people
29. penny press
newspapers were cheap, tabloid-style papers produced in the United States starting in the 1830s
30. John Tyler
took over as President after William Henry Harrison's death
31. The Caroline Affair
a series of events beginning in 1837 that strained relations between the United States and Britain.
32. Webster-Ashburton Treaty
treaty resolving several border issues between the United States and the British