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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

President: George Washington
Vice President: John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

State Department

Handle Relations With Other Nations

2

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

Treasury Department

Deals With Financial Matters

3

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

War Department

Deals With the Nation's Defense

4

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of War, along with the Attorney General

5

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton

6

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of Treasury

7

What act established a federal court system?

The Judiciary Act of 1789

8

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Declare Unconstitutional and throw out???

9

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

10

What is a national debt?

The amount a Government owes

11

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Make them all into one National Debt.

12

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

Southern States because they owed less than the Northern States & would have to pay more than their share to compensate.

13

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

The capital would be moved to the south, Washington DC

14

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

He said it fell within the intent of the Constitution

15

What is a tariff?

A tax on Imported Goods

16

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government. (July 1794)

17

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He said that is how long a president can serve.

18

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

The Bill of Rights

19

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

The first 10 amendments

20

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of-
Speech
Religion
Assembly
Press
Petition

21

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms ( Right to bear arms)

22

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Protects against unreasonable search and seizure without probable cause

23

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th Ammendment

24

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

25

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th Amendment

26

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

Claiming that the Bill of Rights are the only rights Americans have

27

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

The states

28

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Strong Federal Government
Rule by the Wealthy
Loose Interpretation of the Constitution

29

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

Strong State Governments
Rule by the people
Strict interpretation of the Constitution
Backed France

30

How did Washington feel about political parties?

They would divide the people and keep he government from working together

31

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

32

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

33

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

XYZ Affair

34

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and slow immigration

35

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the United States for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship

36

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed the president to deport aliens that were considered dangerous.

37

What was the Sedition Act?

It was a crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government

38

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

The 1st Ammendment

39

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States' Rights