Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
Handle relation with other nations
Deal with financial matters
Deals with nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Secretary of war, treasury,state
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Sec of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The judiciary act of 1778
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Take care of the state debts from the war.
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
What is a national debt?
The amount the govt owed
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Take care wolf the states debts from the war.
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate.
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
For the us capital being moved to the south,Washington, D.C.
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He said national banks fall within the intent of the constitution.
What is a tariff?
Instituted to encourage people to buy American goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal govt.
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He proved that if citizens want peacefully through constitutional means.
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
The 9th amendment
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speach,religion,assembly press and petition the govt.
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
From claiming the bill of right that is the only right Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a string federal govt,rule by wealthy,loose interpretation of the constitution.
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks,state govt,rule by the people,strict interpretation of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He thought it would be a downfall for our country
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
Caucuses were meetings held by both parties to choose their candidate
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
France seized 3 ships that carried cargo to gb
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
Protect the security of the nation and slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the us for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed president to deport Aliens.
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticism to try and weaken the govt
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?
What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?