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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington

1

State Department

Handle relation with other nations

2

​Treasury Department

Deal with financial matters

3

​War Department

Deals with nations defense

4

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Secretary of war, treasury,state

5

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

6

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Sec of treasury

7

What act established a federal court system?

The judiciary act of 1778

8

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Take care of the state debts from the war.

9

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

10

What is a national debt?

The amount the govt owed

11

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Take care wolf the states debts from the war.

12

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate.

13

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

For the us capital being moved to the south,Washington, D.C.

14

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

He said national banks fall within the intent of the constitution.

15

What is a tariff?

Instituted to encourage people to buy American goods

16

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal govt.

17

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He proved that if citizens want peacefully through constitutional means.

18

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Patrician

19

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

The 9th amendment

20

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of speach,religion,assembly press and petition the govt.

21

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

22

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

23

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th amendment

24

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

25

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th amendment

26

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

From claiming the bill of right that is the only right Americans have

27

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

States

28

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored a string federal govt,rule by wealthy,loose interpretation of the constitution.

29

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks,state govt,rule by the people,strict interpretation of the constitution

30

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He thought it would be a downfall for our country

31

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses were meetings held by both parties to choose their candidate

32

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

France seized 3 ships that carried cargo to gb

33

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

Protect the security of the nation and slow immigration

34

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the us for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship

35

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed president to deport Aliens.

36

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticism to try and weaken the govt

37

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

1st amendment

38

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States rights

39

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Bill of rights