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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department

Handles relations with other nations

2

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with? Treasury Department

Deals with financial matters

3

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with? War Department

Deals with nations defense

4

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Secretary of State, secretary of war, secretary of treasury

5

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

6

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of treasury

7

What act established a federal court system?

The Judiciary Act of 1789

8

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Overturn them

9

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

10

What is a national debt?

The amount the government owes

11

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Have the federal government take care of the state debts

12

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The southern states because they owed less than the northern states.

13

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

The US capital would be moved to the south

14

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

It fell within the intent of the constitution

15

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported goods

16

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil up rising against the taxing power of the federal government

17

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He didn't want it to be like a king

18

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of Rights

19

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

1st 10

20

What five civil liberties does the 1
st
Amendment protect?

Speech, religion, assembly, press, petition

21

What does the 2
nd
Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

22

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

23

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th

24

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Process of law

25

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th

26

What does the 9
th
Amendment keep the government from doing?

Claiming the Bill of Rights are the only rights Americans have

27

What was given power in the 10
th
Amendment for protection?

State government

28

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Rule by wealthy, favored a strong Federal government, loose interpretation of the Constitution

29

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks, state government, rule by people, strict interpretation of Constitution

30

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He felt they divided people

31

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

32

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

33

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

XYZ Affair

34

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and slows immigration

35

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply or citizenship

36

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed president to depot aliens

37

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government

38

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

1st

39

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

State rights