Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
Handles relations with other nations
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with? Treasury Department
Deals with financial matters
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with? War Department
Deals with nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Secretary of State, secretary of war, secretary of treasury
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the government owes
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Have the federal government take care of the state debts
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The southern states because they owed less than the northern states.
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
The US capital would be moved to the south
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
It fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil up rising against the taxing power of the federal government
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He didn't want it to be like a king
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
What five civil liberties does the 1
Speech, religion, assembly, press, petition
What does the 2
Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9
Amendment keep the government from doing?
Claiming the Bill of Rights are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10
Amendment for protection?
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Rule by wealthy, favored a strong Federal government, loose interpretation of the Constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks, state government, rule by people, strict interpretation of Constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He felt they divided people
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and slows immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply or citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed president to depot aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?