Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
0

Who was the first President and Vice President in American History?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

State Department-Handles Relations with other nations
Treasury Department- Deals with financial matters
War Department- Deals with the nations defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Thomas Jefferson- Secretary of State
Alexander Hamilton- Secretary of Treasury
Henry Knox- Secretary of War
The Attorney General

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Thomas Jefferson- Secretary of State
Alexander Hamilton- Secretary of Treasury

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of Treasury

5

What act established a federal court system?

The Judiciary Act of 1789

6

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

They could reverse their decisions

7

Who was John Jay?

He was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

8

What is a national debt?

The amount of government owed

9

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

He wanted the federal government to take over and pay off the states wartime debts

10

What area in America was against Alexander Hamilton's plan and why did they feel this way?

The Southern States were against this plan because they owed less the an the Northern States and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate

11

Why did the South agree to Hamilton's plan to lessen the national debt?

Because they exchanged for the US capital being moved to the South, Washington DC

12

Why did Hamilton feel that it was okay for hi. To build a national bank?

Because he said it fell within the intent of the Constitution

13

What is a tariff?

They are a tax on imported goods

14

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government

15

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term in Presidency?

Because he felt two terms was enough

16

What limits the power of the government and protects the rights of the individual?

The Bill of Rights

17

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

The first 10 amendments to the Comstitution

18

What 5 civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Guarantees freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition of the government

19

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

20

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as result of the sugar act)

Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

21

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

-the Constitution gave government implied powers
-Congress could make all laws necessary and proper to carry out it enumerated powers
-thought that educated, wealthier men should hold public office

22

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

-Strict reading of the Constitution
-Rejected the idea of implied powers
-Congressional powers were limited to what is absolutely necessary to carry out the enumerated powers
-Only ordinary people took part fully in Gov't

23

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He didn't like it it troubled him

24

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential Candidates?

Caucuses

25

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

The XYZ affair

26

Why were three acts created after the XYZ affair?

Because Americans questioned weather aliens would remain loyal if the US went to war with France

27

What was the Naturalization Act?

Defined how non citizens can become citizens of the US

28

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed the president to imprison Aliens

29

What was the Sedition Act?

Could deport people who were thought to be dangerous

30

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

The

31

What was affirmed by the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions?

The Alien and Sedition Acts violated the Constitution

32

Acordding to the fifth Amendment, natural rights can not be taken away without what?

Compensation

33

What Amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th Amendment

34

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

It limits the federal government form uprising or making our rights illegal

35

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

The division of power between state governments and federal governments

36

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Bias

37

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

6th Amendment