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Flashcards in Chapter 9✏️ Deck (36):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

State Department-handle regulations
Treasury Department-financial matters
War Department-nations defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Sec. Of state, Sec. Of treasury, Sec. Of war

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of treasury

5

What act established a federal court system?

The Judicial Act of 1789

6

Who was John Jay?

The 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

7

What is a national debt?

The amount the government covered

8

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

He wanted the federal government take care of the state debt from the war

9

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The south because they had less battles in the south so they had less debt

10

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

They wanted the U. S. Capital moved to the south

11

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

He said that it fell within the intent of the constitution

12

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported goods

13

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government

14

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He believed that he had served long enough ( 2 terms) for a president

15

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

1st 10 amendments to the constitution

16

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of speech, religion,assembly, press, and petition

17

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Guns

18

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searching and seizures without probable cause

19

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

The 5th Amendment

20

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

The process of law

21

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th amendment

22

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

From claiming the Bill of Rights and the only Rights of American citizens

23

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

Powers not granted to the national government belong to the states or the people

24

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored strong federal government, ruled by the wealthy, backed Great Britain

25

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks, state government, ruled by the people, backed France

26

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He believes that they divided people and kept the government from working together

27

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

28

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

29

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

The X, Y, Z Affair

30

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and slow Immigrations

31

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in America for 14 years before gaining citizenship

32

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed the president to deport aliens that were considered dangerous

33

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or wrote false criticisms to try and weaken the government

34

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

The 1st Amendment

35

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

State's rights