Flashcards in Chapter 9✏️ Deck (36):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department-handle regulations
Treasury Department-financial matters
War Department-nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Sec. Of state, Sec. Of treasury, Sec. Of war
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The Judicial Act of 1789
Who was John Jay?
The 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the government covered
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
He wanted the federal government take care of the state debt from the war
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The south because they had less battles in the south so they had less debt
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They wanted the U. S. Capital moved to the south
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He said that it fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He believed that he had served long enough ( 2 terms) for a president
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
1st 10 amendments to the constitution
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, religion,assembly, press, and petition
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searching and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
The 5th Amendment
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
The process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
From claiming the Bill of Rights and the only Rights of American citizens
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
Powers not granted to the national government belong to the states or the people
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored strong federal government, ruled by the wealthy, backed Great Britain
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks, state government, ruled by the people, backed France
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He believes that they divided people and kept the government from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
The X, Y, Z Affair
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and slow Immigrations
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in America for 14 years before gaining citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed the president to deport aliens that were considered dangerous
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or wrote false criticisms to try and weaken the government
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?
The 1st Amendment