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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adam

1

State Department

Handles relations with other nations

2

Treasury department

Deal w/financial matters

3

War department

Deals w/nations defense

4

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

State, treasury,war,Vice president,internal, president

5

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

State-Jefferson /treasury- Hamilton

6

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Sec of treasury

7

What act established a federal court system?

Judiciary act 1789

8

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

They could over turn it

9

Who was john jay

1st Chief Justice of Supreme Court

10

What is a national debt?

Amount the government owned

11

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Have the federal govt take care of the state debt from the war

12

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

Southern states. Owned less than the northern states and would have to pay more than fair share

13

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

Exchange for the us capital being moved to Dc

14

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

It fell within the intent of the constitution

15

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported goods

16

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

Civil uprising against the taxing power of federal govt

17

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He didn't want the president to become like a king

18

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of rights

19

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

First 10

20

What five civil liberties does the
1st Amendment protect?

Speech, religion, assembly, press, petition

21

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Rights to bear arms

22

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

23

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th

24

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

25

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th

26

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

Claiming the bill of rights are only rights Americans have

27

What was given power in the 10
thAmendment for protection?

States could be used

28

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored strong federal govt. Rule by wealthy. Loose interpretation

29

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State bank. State govt. Rule by people. Strict interpretation

30

How did Washington feel about political parties?

That they divided people and kept the govt from working together

31

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

32

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucus

33

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

Xyz affair

34

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

Protect security of the nation and slow immigration

35

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the US for 14years before being able to apply citizenship.

36

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed presidents to depart aliens

37

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticism to try and weaken the govt.

38

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

1st

39

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States rights