Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (40):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adam
Handles relations with other nations
Deal w/financial matters
Deals w/nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
State, treasury,war,Vice president,internal, president
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
State-Jefferson /treasury- Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Sec of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
Judiciary act 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
They could over turn it
Who was john jay
1st Chief Justice of Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
Amount the government owned
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Have the federal govt take care of the state debt from the war
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
Southern states. Owned less than the northern states and would have to pay more than fair share
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
Exchange for the us capital being moved to Dc
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
It fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
Civil uprising against the taxing power of federal govt
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He didn't want the president to become like a king
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
What five civil liberties does the
1st Amendment protect?
Speech, religion, assembly, press, petition
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
Rights to bear arms
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
Claiming the bill of rights are only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10
thAmendment for protection?
States could be used
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored strong federal govt. Rule by wealthy. Loose interpretation
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State bank. State govt. Rule by people. Strict interpretation
How did Washington feel about political parties?
That they divided people and kept the govt from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
Protect security of the nation and slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 14years before being able to apply citizenship.
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed presidents to depart aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticism to try and weaken the govt.
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?