Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department- relations with other nations
Treasury Department- financial matter
War Department- nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
The attorney general
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Secretary of State- Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of treasury- Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The judiciary act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
They could reverse them
Who was John Jay?
1st chief of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount of debt a government owes
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
To have the federal government take care of them
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate.
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They could exchange the US capital being moved to the south
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He felt it fell within the content of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on an imported good
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
So there would be peace
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
What five civil liberties does the 1st
Speech,religion,assembly, press and petition the gov't
What does the 2nd
Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
The 5th amendment
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
The process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th
Amendment keep the government from doing?
Prevents the gov'ts from claiming the BOR are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th
Amendment for protection?
The national gov't
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a strong federal gov't, rule by wealthy, loose interpretation of the constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks, state gov'ts, rule by the people,strict interpretations of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
It divided people and kept governments from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
They seized American ships that seized cargo to GB
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect security of the nation
What was the Naturalization Act?
Aliens had to live in US for 14 years before being a citizen
What were the Alien Acts?
President could deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticism to try and weaken the gov't
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?