Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?


State Department- relations with other nations


Treasury Department- financial matter


War Department- nations defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

The attorney general

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Secretary of State- Thomas Jefferson


Secretary of treasury- Alexander Hamilton

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of treasury

5

What act established a federal court system?

The judiciary act of 1789

6

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

They could reverse them

7

Who was John Jay?

1st chief of the Supreme Court

8

What is a national debt?

The amount of debt a government owes

9

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

To have the federal government take care of them

10

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate.

11

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

They could exchange the US capital being moved to the south

12

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

He felt it fell within the content of the constitution

13

What is a tariff?

Tax on an imported good

14

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't

15

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

So there would be peace

16

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of rights

17

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

1st-10th

18

What five civil liberties does the 1st
Amendment protect?

Speech,religion,assembly, press and petition the gov't

19

What does the 2nd
Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

20

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

21

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

The 5th amendment

22

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

The process of law

23

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th

24

What does the 9th
Amendment keep the government from doing?

Prevents the gov'ts from claiming the BOR are the only rights Americans have

25

What was given power in the 10th
Amendment for protection?

The national gov't

26

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored a strong federal gov't, rule by wealthy, loose interpretation of the constitution

27

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks, state gov'ts, rule by the people,strict interpretations of the constitution

28

How did Washington feel about political parties?

It divided people and kept governments from working together

29

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

30

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

31

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

They seized American ships that seized cargo to GB

32

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect security of the nation

33

What was the Naturalization Act?

Aliens had to live in US for 14 years before being a citizen

34

What were the Alien Acts?

President could deport aliens

35

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticism to try and weaken the gov't

36

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

1st

37

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States rights