Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
President- George Washington
Vice President- John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department-handle relations w/ other nations
Treasury Department-deal w/ financial matters
War Department-deals w/ nation's defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Secretary of state, treasury, and war, the attorney general, and the president and Vice President
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of Tresuary
What act established a federal court system?
The Judiciary System
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
It could overturn them or notify state laws
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the government owed
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Proposed a plan that would have the federal gov't take care of the state debts from the war
What area in America was against Alexander Hamilton's plan and why did they feel this way?
The Southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They agreed with Hamilton's plan in exchange for the US Capitol being moved to the South, Washington DC
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He said it fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax imported on goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He didn't want the job or president to be like a king
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
The first 10 Amendments
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, assembly, press, religion, and petition
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
Bear arms or weaponry
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searches and seizure
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
The 5th Amendment
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
The 6th Amendment
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
From claiming the Bill of Rights are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
States could be used
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a strong Federal Gov't, rule by wealthy, loose interpretation of the constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks, state gov'ts, rule by the people, strict interpretation of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
Washington believed that political parties divided people and kept the gov't from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed the president to deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the gov't
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?
The 1st Amendment