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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

President- George Washington
Vice President- John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department-

Treasury Department-

War Department-

State Department-handle relations w/ other nations

Treasury Department-deal w/ financial matters

War Department-deals w/ nation's defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Secretary of state, treasury, and war, the attorney general, and the president and Vice President

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

State-Thomas Jefferson
Treasury-Alexander Hamilton

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of Tresuary

5

What act established a federal court system?

The Judiciary System

6

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

It could overturn them or notify state laws

7

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

8

What is a national debt?

The amount the government owed

9

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Proposed a plan that would have the federal gov't take care of the state debts from the war

10

What area in America was against Alexander Hamilton's plan and why did they feel this way?

The Southern states because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate

11

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

They agreed with Hamilton's plan in exchange for the US Capitol being moved to the South, Washington DC

12

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

He said it fell within the intent of the constitution

13

What is a tariff?

Tax imported on goods

14

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal gov't

15

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He didn't want the job or president to be like a king

16

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of Rights

17

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

The first 10 Amendments

18

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of speech, assembly, press, religion, and petition

19

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Bear arms or weaponry

20

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizure

21

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

The 5th Amendment

22

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

23

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

The 6th Amendment

24

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

From claiming the Bill of Rights are the only rights Americans have

25

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

States could be used

26

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored a strong Federal Gov't, rule by wealthy, loose interpretation of the constitution

27

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks, state gov'ts, rule by the people, strict interpretation of the constitution

28

How did Washington feel about political parties?

Washington believed that political parties divided people and kept the gov't from working together

29

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

30

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

31

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

XYZ Affair

32

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and slow immigration

33

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the US for 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship

34

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed the president to deport aliens

35

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the gov't

36

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

The 1st Amendment

37

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

Affirmed state rights