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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?

State- handle relations treasury- deals with financial matters war- deals with nations defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Henry Knox and attorney general

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Jefferson and Hamilton

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of treasury

5

What act established a federal court system?

Judiciary act of 1789

6

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Overturn/change them

7

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

8

What is a national debt?

The amount the goverment owed

9

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Combine them and make them a national debt

10

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The southern states because they owed less

11

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

Because he moved the capital to the south

12

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

Because it fell into the constitution

13

What is a tariff?

Tax on imported goods

14

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing if the federal court

15

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

Because he didn't want to be like a king

16

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of rights

17

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

1st 10 amendments

18

What five civil liberties does the 1
st
Amendment protect?

Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, petition

19

What does the 2
nd
Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

20

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

21

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th

22

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Due process of law

23

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy,public trial by an impartial judge?

6th

24

What does the 9
th
Amendment keep the government from doing?

Claiming the bill of rights bare not the only rights you have

25

What was given power in the 10
th
Amendment for protection?

The states

26

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

Favored a strong federal goverment, rule by wealthy, loose interpitation of the constitution

27

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

State banks, state governments, rule by he people, strict interpitation of the constitution

28

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He thought that it separated the governments power

29

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

30

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

31

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

Xyz affair

32

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

To protect the security of the nation and to show immigration

33

What was the Naturalization Act?

Aliens had to live in the us for 14 years before becoming a citizen

34

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed president to deport aliens

35

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false ariticims to try and weaken the goverment

36

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

1st amendment

37

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

States rights