Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State- handle relations treasury- deals with financial matters war- deals with nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Henry Knox and attorney general
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Jefferson and Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of treasury
What act established a federal court system?
Judiciary act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the goverment owed
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Combine them and make them a national debt
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The southern states because they owed less
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
Because he moved the capital to the south
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
Because it fell into the constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing if the federal court
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
Because he didn't want to be like a king
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
1st 10 amendments
What five civil liberties does the 1
Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, petition
What does the 2
Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy,public trial by an impartial judge?
What does the 9
Amendment keep the government from doing?
Claiming the bill of rights bare not the only rights you have
What was given power in the 10
Amendment for protection?
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
Favored a strong federal goverment, rule by wealthy, loose interpitation of the constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
State banks, state governments, rule by he people, strict interpitation of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He thought that it separated the governments power
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and to show immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Aliens had to live in the us for 14 years before becoming a citizen
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed president to deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false ariticims to try and weaken the goverment
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?