Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
George Washington and John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State Department-handles relations with other nation
Treasury Department-deal with financial matters
War Department-deals with nations defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, Attorney General and the President and Vice President
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Secretary of State-Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of Treasury-Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of Treasury
What act established a federal court system?
Judiciary Act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the government owed
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
Proposed a plan that would have the federal government take care of the state debts
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
The southern states were against this plan because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
In exchange for the U.S. Capital being moved to the south
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He said a national bank fell within the intent of the constitution
What is a tariff?
Instituted to encourage people to buy American goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He didn't want the job to become a like a king
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
The first 10 amendments
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
From calming the bill of rights are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
Protection against the powers of a national government
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
-favored to a strong federal government
-rule by wealth
-loose interpretation of the constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
-rule by the people
-strict interpretation of the constitution
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He believed that political parties divided people and kept the government from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the U.S. For 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed the president to deport aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?
The 1st amendment