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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
0

Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?

George Washington and John Adams

1

What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
​State Department

​Treasury Department

​War Department

​State Department-handles relations with other nation
Treasury Department-deal with financial matters

​War Department-deals with nations defense

2

Who makes up the cabinet of the President?

Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, Attorney General and the President and Vice President

3

Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?

Secretary of State-Thomas Jefferson

Secretary of Treasury-Alexander Hamilton

4

What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?

Secretary of Treasury

5

What act established a federal court system?

Judiciary Act of 1789

6

What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?

Overturn them

7

Who was John Jay?

1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

8

What is a national debt?

The amount the government owed

9

What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?

Proposed a plan that would have the federal government take care of the state debts

10

What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?

The southern states were against this plan because they owed less than the northern states and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate

11

Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?

In exchange for the U.S. Capital being moved to the south

12

Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?

He said a national bank fell within the intent of the constitution

13

What is a tariff?

Instituted to encourage people to buy American goods

14

What was the Whiskey Rebellion?

A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government

15

Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?

He didn't want the job to become a like a king

16

What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?

Bill of Rights

17

What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?

The first 10 amendments

18

What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?

Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition

19

What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?

Firearms

20

What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)

Protects against unreasonable searches and seizures without probable cause

21

What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?

5th amendment

22

According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?

Process of law

23

What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?

6th amendment

24

What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?

From calming the bill of rights are the only rights Americans have

25

What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?

Protection against the powers of a national government

26

What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?

-favored to a strong federal government
-rule by wealth
-loose interpretation of the constitution

27

What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?

-state bank
-state government
-rule by the people
-strict interpretation of the constitution

28

How did Washington feel about political parties?

He believed that political parties divided people and kept the government from working together

29

What is favoring one side in a political decision?

Partisan

30

Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?

Caucuses

31

What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?

XYZ Affair

32

Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?

-Naturalization Act
-Aliens Act
-Sedition Act

33

What was the Naturalization Act?

Required aliens to live in the U.S. For 14 years before being able to apply for citizenship

34

What were the Alien Acts?

Allowed the president to deport aliens

35

What was the Sedition Act?

A crime to speak or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government

36

What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?

The 1st amendment

37

What was affirmed by the KY and VA resolutions?

State rights